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Volcanoes and Mountain Peaks of Southern Mexico

19.0N 98.6W

February 11th, 2010 Category: Volcanoes

Mexico - January 26th, 2010

Mexico - January 26th, 2010

While the famous resort city of Acapulco is visible near the bottom of this image of Mexico, the snow-capped peaks of several volcanoes and mountains can be observed near the top. Towards the upper center is a line of three mountains: (from bottom to top) Popocatépetl, Iztaccíhuatl and Mount Tlaloc. East of these three is La Malinche mountain, and west of the three is Nevado de Toluca.

Popocatépetl is an active volcano and, at 5,426 m (17,800 ft), the second highest peak in Mexico after the Pico de Orizaba (5,636 m/18,490 ft). Popocatépetl is linked to the Iztaccíhuatl volcano to the north by the high saddle known as the Paso de Cortés, and lies in the eastern half of the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt.

Iztaccíhuatl is the third highest mountain in Mexico, after Popocatépetl. It has four peaks, the highest of which is 5,230 m (17,159 ft) above sea level. Together, the peaks are seen as depicting the head, chest, knees and feet of a sleeping female figure, which is visible from either the east or the west. Iztaccíhuatl is a mere 70 km (44 mi) to the southeast of Mexico City and is often visible from the capital, depending on atmospheric conditions.

Mount Tlaloc (Spanish: Cerro Tláloc or El Mirador, Nahuatl: Tlalocatepetl) is a mountain in central Mexico, located east of Mexico City. Its height is 13,615 ft. (4,151 metres).

La Malinche mountain, also known as Matlalcuéyetl, Matlalcueitl or Malintzin, is an inactive volcano (dormant for the last 3,100 years) located in Tlaxcala and Puebla states, in Mexico. Officially, its summit reaches 4,461 meters (14646 ft) above sea level, though in some articles it is considered to be 4,503 m (as measured by GPS). Its height makes it the sixth highest peak in Mexico.

Nevado de Toluca is a large stratovolcano in central Mexico, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) west of Mexico City near the city of Toluca. It is generally cited as the fourth highest of Mexico’s peaks, after Iztaccíhuatl, although by some measurements, Sierra Negra is slightly higher. It is often called by the Nahuatl name Xinantécatl.

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