Libyan Desert from Haruj Volcanic Field to Mediterranean Coast27.2N 17.5E
The Libyan Desert, which covers much of Libya and most of this image, is one of the most arid places on earth. In places, decades may pass without rain, and even in the highlands rainfall seldom happens, once every 5–10 years.
Although the climate is mostly dry and desertlike in nature, Libya’s northern regions enjoy a milder Mediterranean climate. At 1,770 kilometres (1,100 mi), Libya’s coastline is the longest of any African country bordering the Mediterranean.
Here, one area of the coastline is brownish green, appearing less arid than the surrounding desert. A few other fertile spots can be observed in the full image, as circular irrigated fields in the middle of the desert.
Also visible amidst the desert sands is the Haruj, a large volcanic field spread across 45000 km2 in central Libya. It contains about 150 volcanoes, including numerous basaltic scoria cones and about 30 small shield volcanoes, along with craters and lava flows.