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Krafla Volcano and River Skjálfandafljót, Iceland

65.7N 16.7W

July 11th, 2009 Category: Rivers, Volcanoes

Iceland - July 1st, 2009

Iceland - July 1st, 2009

Here, the River Skjálfandafljót can be seen flowing through the center, across northern Iceland, into into Skjálfandi Bay. While the land around the river is rather flat, steeper terrain is visible to the east and west in this orthorectified ASAR (radar) image.

Several volcanic formations can be observed to the left of the river. One of the most prominent of these is Krafla, a caldera of about 10 km in diameter with a 90 km long fissure zone, in the Mývatn region. Its highest peak reaches up to 818 m; it has erupted 29 times and it is 2km in depth.  The last volcanic eruption at Krafla took place in 1984.

The Krafla area also includes Námafjall, a geothermal area with boiling mudpools and steaming fumaroles.

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