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Five Volcanoes of Hawaii’s Big Island

21.1N 157.2W

February 16th, 2010 Category: Volcanoes

USA - January 25th, 2010

USA - January 25th, 2010

The Island of Hawaii, also known as the “Big Island” in order to distinguish it from the state, is built from five separate shield volcanoes that erupted somewhat sequentially, one overlapping the other.

These are (from oldest to youngest): Kohala (extinct), Mauna Kea (dormant), Hualālai (active but not currently erupting), Mauna Loa (active), and Kīlauea (active: an eruption began in 1983 and as of 2010 has grown in size).

All five can be observed upon opening the full version of this orthorectified image: (clockwise from top) Kohala, Mauna Kea, Kilauea and Hualalai, with Mauna Loa in the center.

Because Mauna Loa and Kīlauea are active volcanoes, the “Big Island” of Hawaiʻi is still growing bigger. Between January 1983 and September 2002, lava flows added 543 acres (220 ha) to the island.

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