Vegetation Index of Virginia and North Carolina, USA36.4N 76.9W
This image focuses on the states of Virginia and North Carolina, USA, showing the vegetation index in early Spring. The present-day climate of Virginia is generally classified as humid subtropical, but within-state variation of temperatures, precipitation, and length of growing season is dramatic. Much of the temperature gradient is related to elevation and distance from the coast, with oceanic influences greatly moderating the climate of near-coastal areas.
The relatively warm climate of eastern and southeastern Virginia is closely correlated with a concentration of southern plant species, some of which reach their northern range limits in the state. It is important to note that the contemporary vegetation of Virginia is not static and has developed only recently on the geological time scale. Ongoing global climate change and the contemporary loss of barriers to the worldwide migration of plants and other organisms will do doubt continue to generate shifts in vegetation distribution and composition across the state (click here for more information).