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Sediments Along Yucatán Peninsula Coast Near Mérida, Mexico

20.9N 89.6W

February 15th, 2013 Category: Sediments

Mexico – January 26th, 2013

Visible as a grey area near the coast is the city of Mérida, located in the northwest part of the state of Yucatán, which occupies the northern portion of the Yucatán Peninsula. Here, sediments can be seen lining the coasts of the peninsula. To the east is the state of Quintana Roo, to the west is the state of Campeche, to the north is the Gulf of Mexico, and far to the south is the state of Chiapas.

The city is also located in the Chicxulub Crater. It has a very flat topography and is only 30 feet (9 m) above sea level. The land outside of Mérida is covered with smaller scrub trees and former henequen fields. Almost no surface water exists, but several cenotes (underground springs and rivers) are found across the state.

Vegetation Index of Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico – January 7th, 2012

20.0N 88.8W

January 7th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Vegetation Index

Mexico - January 6th, 2012

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of the Yucatán Peninsula. The peninsula comprises the Mexican states of Yucatán, Campeche, and Quintana Roo; the northern part of the nation of Belize; and Guatemala’s northern El Petén Department.

Photosynthetic activity is generally mixed between good (green) and high (rusty red) across the peninsula, with some areas of concentrated higher activity to the south and some areas of low activity (yellow) along the northern coast.

Algae Makes Currents off Mexican Coast Visible

February 12th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Algae along Mexican coast - February 7th, 2009

Algae along Mexican coast - February 7th, 2009

This stretch of the Mexican coast along the Gulf of Mexico in the states of Campeche (northeast) and Yucatan (southwest), is experiencing a phytoplankton and algal bloom.

This area had previously been observed using an image from late November, in which there was a similar amount of phytoplankton present. (Please click here to compare the images).

The algae is particularly concentrated and bright green in the Términos Lagoon. Some sediments are present along the coastline just west of the lagoon.

Further north, upon opening the full image, some interesting wave patterns can be seen, traced in the algae. The algae makes it possible to observe the water currents, usually invisible to the naked eye.

Campeche and Yucatan Coast, Mexico – January 4th, 2009

January 4th, 2009 Category: Image of the day

Bay of Campeche, Mexico - November 23rd, 2008

Campeche and Yucatan Coast, Mexico - November 23rd, 2008

Clearly visible from their bright green color, phytoplankton flourish in the Gulf of Mexico off the coasts of the states of Campeche (top) and Yucatan (bottom), in Mexico.

The bloom extends particularly far out into the gulf between the city of Campeche (the light brown spot along the shoreline, near the center) and Ciudad del Carmen near the Términos Lagoon (lower left).

Upon closer observation of the lagoon, a more intense, circular green algal bloom becomes evident on the northern end, as well as some brown sediments flowing out into the gulf on the southwestern end.

Tropical Storm Marco

October 7th, 2008 Category: Tropical Storms

Tropical Storm Marco - October 6th, 2008Marco

Tropical Storm Marco - October 6th, 2008

At this time, Tropical Storm Marco is present in the Bay of Campeche and moving west-morthwest at 6 knots (7mph, 11 km/h). As of 10:00PM CDT on October 6th, it was located about 65mi (105km) northeast of Veracruz, with maximum sustained winds of 55 knots (65 mph, 100 km/h) and stronger gusts.

According to the U.S. National Hurricane Center in Miami, winds of at least 119 km/h (74mph) are possible, and coastal areas could receive rainfall of 15 centimeters (6inches). Marco is expected to become stronger and could be close to hurricane strength as it approaches the coast. The Mexican Government has issued a tropical storm warning for the Gulf of Mexico from Cabo Rojo to Punta el Lagarto, and a hurricane watch between Cabo Rojo and Veracruz. Some offshore oil wells have been shut in the Bay of Campeche, where the Cantarell oil field, the largest in Mexico and third-largest in the world, is located (source: Bloomberg).

Tropical Storm Marco - enhanced image

Tropical Storm Marco - enhanced image

Marco began on October 6th as a small patch of disturbed weather above the Yucatan peninsula that moved to the Bay of Campeche. At 2:00PM EDT it was classified as Tropical Depression Thirteen, and it developed into a Tropical Storm around 5:00PM EDT. Marco is on of the smallest storms on record in the Atlantic basin, as it has tropical storm-force winds that reach out only 30mi (45km) from its center.