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Posts tagged Whitewater River

Lakes Jocassee and Keowee, South of the Appalachian Mountains in Southeastern USA

34.9N 82.9W

April 23rd, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

USA - April 4th, 2010

USA - April 4th, 2010

Several lakes and rivers can be seen south of the Appalachian Mountains in the southeastern United States of America. The navy blue body of water at the foot of the mountains is Lake Jocassee, a 7,500-acre (30 km2), 300-foot (91 m) deep reservoir located in northwest South Carolina. The hydroelectric dam that formed the lake is 385 feet (117 m) high and 1,750 feet (530 m) long.

The clean and cold Appalachian mountain rivers that feed the lake keep its waters cool year-round. A confluence of four rivers supplies Lake Jocassee’s water. The farthest west of the rivers, the Whitewater River, flows southeast until it meets the northwest corner of Lake Jocassee. The Thompson River flows due south until it too reaches the lake in the northwest corner. The Horsepasture River feeds the lake from the northeast corner, along with the Toxaway River, which is directly east of the Horsepasture River.

The Jocassee Hydro Station, located in the southeast corner of Lake Jocassee, separates it from the beginning of Lake Keowee, also known as the Keowee River. Lake Keowee’s furthest extent to the south brings it close to the city of Seneca.

Agriculture in California’s Desert: The Salton Sea and Imperial Valley

March 8th, 2009 Category: Lakes

Agriculture near USA-Mexico border - March 1st, 2009

Agriculture near USA-Mexico border - March 1st, 2009

The Salton Sea is an inland saline lake, occupying the lowest elevations of the Salton Sink, part of the larger Colorado Desert in Southern California, USA. To its south is the Imperial Valley, a region of southeastern California (USA).

Although this region is a desert, with high temperatures and low average rainfall of three inches (seventy-five mm) per year, the economy is heavily based on agriculture due to the availability of irrigation water, which is supplied wholly from the Colorado River via the All-American Canal.

A vast system of canals, check dams, and pipelines carry the water all over the valley, a system which forms the Imperial Irrigation District, or IID. The water distribution system includes over 1,400 miles (2,300 km) of canal and with 1,100 miles (1,800 km) of pipeline. The number of canal and pipeline branches number roughly over a hundred.

The agricultural lands, seen flourishing here, are served by a constructed agricultural drain system, which conveys surface runoff and subsurface drainage from fields to the Salton Sea, which is a designated repository for agricultural runoff.

The Salton Sea covers a surface area of approximately 376 square miles (974 km²), the largest in California. While it varies in dimensions and area due to changes in agricultural runoff and rain, it averages 15 by 35 miles (24 by 56 km), with a maximum depth of 51 feet (15.5 m), giving a total volume of about 7.5 million acre-feet (9.3 km³).

The sea is fed by the New, Whitewater, and Alamo rivers, as well as a number of minor agricultural drainage systems and creeks. Sea inflow averages 1.36 million acre-feet per year (53.2 m³/s).

It is actually located below sea level, with the current surface of the Salton Sea at about 220 ft (65 m) below sea level. The deepest area of the sea is only 5 feet (1.5m) higher than the lowest point of Death Valley.