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Posts tagged Western Ghats

Vegetation Index of Western India South from Gulf of Khambhat

12.5N 75.2E

January 22nd, 2012 Category: Vegetation Index

India - January 5th, 2012

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of the western coast of India, from the Gulf of Khambhat (upper left corner) towards the southern part of the country. The gulf divides the Kathiawar peninsula to the west from the eastern part of Gujarat state on the east.

The vegetation index is good (green) along the coastal plain and near the shores of the gulf, and low (yellow) in the mountains of the Western Ghats and the central part of the country. Other areas near lakes and rivers in the central part of the country, however, do show a good index.

Vegetation Index of India Higher by Western Coast

10.5N 76.3E

May 2nd, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

India - April 27th, 2011

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of central and southern India. The index is generally low (yellow), however it becomes slightly higher (green) as one moves southward.

The highest index, ranging from good (green) to high (rusty red) can be observed along the west coast. This area is the coastal plains between the shoreline and the slopes of the Western Ghats.

 

Gulf of Khambhat and Western Ghats, India

16.1N 73.7E

March 21st, 2011 Category: Mountains, Sediments

India - March 19th, 2011

Reddish brown sediments from the Narmada and Tapti rivers tinge the waters of the Gulf of Khambhat. The gulf has a length of approximately 80 miles and lies between eastern Gujarat State (east) and the Kathiawar Peninsula (west).

Lying on the other side of the peninsula is the Gulf of Kutch, also colored by sediments. North of this gulf is the Great Rann of Kutch, an extensive area of salt marshes that appears mostly white in this image.

Moving southeastward down the coastline along the Arabian Sea, one can see the Western Ghats, one of India’s main mountain ranges. Its peaks lie parallel to the west coast, along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau. The range separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, which appears dark green in this image.

Central India from Coast to Coast

13.9N 77.3E

February 14th, 2011 Category: Mountains

India - January 17th, 2011

This image spans much of India, focusing on the central portion. The western coastline, parallel to the Western Ghats Mountain Range, shows a fertile green coastal plain. The Eastern Ghats can be seen parallel to the east coast.

In the full image, several rivers can be observed, most of which are yellow from sediments. Many artificial reservoirs can be seen scattered across the interior of the country as well, created by numerous dams and hydroelectric power stations.

Large cities show up as greys areas, often circular in shape. One example of this is Hyderabad, the sixth most populous city and sixth-most populous urban agglomeration in India. Situated in the upper right quadrant, it is so large that it is even visible in the image thumbnail.

Western Ghats on Edge of Deccan Plateau, India

13.5N 75.3E

January 10th, 2011 Category: Mountains

India - December 27th, 2010

The Western Ghats, also known as the Sahyadri Mountains, is a mountain range along the western side of India. It runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea.

It is easy to spot the edge of the plateau and the start of the range, as the color changes from brown to dark green. The Western Ghats block rainfall to the Deccan Plateau, partially explaining why the country’s terrain is less green further inland.

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