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Posts tagged West Kalimantan

Pontianak by Kapuas River Delta, Indonesia

-0.0N 109.3E

March 10th, 2012 Category: Rivers

Indonesia - January 4th, 2012

Visible as a small white area near the shores of the island of Borneo is Pontianak, the capital of the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan. It is located almost precisely on the equator, hence it is widely known as Kota Khatulistiwa (Equator City). As can be observed in this orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image, the land near the city is mostly flat, while some hills are visible to the north and northeast.

Pontianak is a medium-size industrial city that occupies an area of 107.82 km² in the delta of the Kapuas River. The Kapuas River  is a river in the Indonesian part of Borneo island, at the geographic center of Maritime Southeast Asia. At 1,143 kilometers (710 mi) in length, it is the longest river of Indonesia and one of the world’s longest island rivers. It originates in the Müller mountain range at the center of the island and flows west into the South China Sea creating an extended marshy delta.

Fires Raging on Borneo Contribute to Brown Haze Across Southeast Asia – August 11th, 2009

1.0N 110.5E

August 11th, 2009 Category: Fires, Image of the day

Fires on Borneo - August 8th, 2009

Fires on Borneo - August 8th, 2009

West Kalimantan fires

West Kalimantan fires

Sarawak fires

Sarawak fires

Forest fires raging in Malaysian and Indonesian Borneo in this image, taken on the 8th of August, send thick plumes of smoke arching north-northeast offshore. These fires threaten to intensify a “brown haze” across southern Asia.

Smoke from the fires blew over major towns on Borneo island, causing air quality to plunge to its worst level this year in parts of Malaysia’s eastern Sarawak state on Borneo.

In this region, more than 2,471 acres (1,000 hectares) of wildfires – roughly the size of 1,500 soccer fields – are ablaze in several forests, according to the AP. Many fires can also be seen in Indonesia’s province of West Kalimantan, both near and far from the Sarawak border.

The fires are believed to be caused by plantation operators who set brush fires to clear land during the dry season. State authorities have said they are considering tighter restrictions to ban setting fires on peat soil areas, which are harder to extinguish.

Fires by West Kalimantan-Sarawak border

Fires by West Kalimantan-Sarawak border

The UN has identified this “brown haze”, a near-permanent cloud across southern Asia, as one of the world’s worst environmental hazards. The haze is caused by the smoke from forest fires and agricultural burning, as well as industrial emissions and inefficient wood and dung burning stoves. It can reduce the solar energy reaching the Earth’s surface by up to 15 per cent, reports the New Scientist, altering the Asian monsoon, reducing harvests and killing as many as a million people a year from respiratory diseases.

Heavy Sediments Released by Kapuas River, Indonesia

January 31st, 2009 Category: Rivers

West Kalimantan, Indonesia - January 20th, 2009

West Kalimantan, Indonesia - January 20th, 2009

The Kapuas River is located in the region of West Kalimantan, Indonesia. At approximately 1,143 km, it is the longest river in Indonesia, and is the major river of the western portion of Borneo. It is also the world’s longest river on an island.

The river rises in the mountains of Kapuas Hulu near the border with Sarawak, Malaysia, and flows west. It empties into the South China Sea about 20 km south of the city of Pontianak.

Despite the partial cloud cover over the Borneo mainland, the river is easily identifiable at its mouth due to the dark brown sediments spilling into the South China Sea. Lighter tan sediments are present all along the coastline, as is a green algal bloom.

The river drains the extensive Lake Sentarum area, an extensive protected reserve of wetlands and freshwater lakes, and intermittently flooded forests.

Navigable over most of its length, the river is an essential transportation corridor in West Kalimantan. It is used for transportation of timber out of the island’s interior, and for access to settlements along the river.

The river has one bridge across it, near Sanggau, approximately four hundred kilometers from its mouth.

source Wikipedia