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Posts tagged West Indies

Vegetation Index of the Lesser Antilles

15.4N 61.3W

July 21st, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

Antilles - July 16th, 2011

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of the Lesser Antilles islands, which form part of the West Indies in the Caribbean. The two main groups of the Lesser Antilles are the Windward Islands in the south and the Leeward Islands in the north.

The Lesser Antilles are mostly young volcanic or coral islands. Here, their vegetation index ranges from good (green) to high (rusty red).

Vegetation Index of Venezuela and the Lesser Antilles – February 25th, 2010

9.9N 62.7W

February 25th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Rivers, Vegetation Index

Venezuela - February 12th, 2010

Venezuela - February 12th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of Venezuela and the islands of the Lesser Antilles. Venezuela lies within the Neotropic ecozone; large portions of the country were originally covered by moist broadleaf forests. One of seventeen megadiverse countries and among the top twenty countries in terms of endemism, some 38% of the over 21,000 plant species are unique to the country.

Here, the red areas south of the Orinoco River indicate a high index of photosynthetic activity. Green areas, such as those on the majority of the islands and around the Orinoco River Delta indicate good activity. Finally, yellow to white areas, such as those on the plains of the llanos near the coast, indicate low activity.

A plume of smoke and ash can be seen crossing the image near the upper edge. This is from the eruption of the Soufrière Hills Volcano in the Lesser Antilles. Please click here for the original article regarding this eruption.

Ash From Soufrière Hills Volcano in the Lesser Antilles, North of Venezuela – February 20th, 2010

10.3N 62.1W

February 20th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Rivers, Volcanoes

Venezuela - February 12th, 2010

Venezuela - February 12th, 2010

Brown sediments spill from the mouth of the Orinoco River into the Delta Amacuro and the Gulf of Paría, off the coast of Venezuela. To the south, there is a variety of landscapes,  including rainforest, the extreme northeastern extensions of the Andes that reach into the country’s northwest and continue along the northern Caribbean coast, and the llanos, extensive plains that stretch from the Colombian border in the far west to the Orinoco River delta in the east.

To the north are the islands of the Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees. The Lesser Antilles are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and Greater Antilles form the West Indies. The islands are a long partly volcanic island arc, most of which wrap around the eastern end of the Caribbean Sea on the western boundary with the Atlantic Ocean, and some of which lie on the southern fringe of the sea just north of South America.

Along the top edge, best observed in the full image, is a cloud of gas and ash from a partial dome collapse of the Soufrière Hills volcano on Montserrat. The collapse occured on February 11th, 2010, the day before this image was taken, at 16:35 local time. The island is situated just north of the plume of ash, capped by whitish clouds, while winds carry the ash to the east and west.