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The Judean Hills and the Dead Sea – August 9th, 2009

31.5N 35.4E

August 9th, 2009 Category: Lakes

Dead Sea - July 26th, 2009

Dead Sea - July 26th, 2009

The Dead Sea lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, between Israel and the West Bank (left) and Jordan (right), surrounded by mountains. An extensive network of salt evaporation pans known as the Dead Sea Dikes can be identified as a series of  parallel lines in the southern part of the lake.

This  orthorectified image also clearly shows the Judean Hills to the west, as well as other steeper mountains to the east. The Judean Hills, also called the Judean Mountains, Hebron Hills and Jibal al-Khalil, run generally north-south. They extend both to the west and east of Jerusalem, with the southern end known as Mount Hebron.

The range forms a natural division between the Shephelah coastal plains to the west and the Jordan Rift Valley to the east, as well as causing the rain shadow responsible for the Judean desert.

The Dead Sea and Surrounding Hills and Mountains

July 22nd, 2009 Category: Lakes

Dead Sea - June 21st, 2009

Dead Sea - June 21st, 2009

The Dead Sea is located between Israel and the West Bank to the west, and Jordan to the east. It is an endorheic lake located in the Jordan Rift Valley, a geographic feature formed by the Dead Sea Transform.

This left lateral-moving transform fault lies along the tectonic plate boundary between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate. It runs between the East Anatolian Fault zone in Turkey and the northern end of the Red Sea Rift offshore of the southern tip of Sinai.

The Jordan River is the only major water source flowing into the Dead Sea, although there are small perennial springs under and around the Dead Sea, creating pools and quicksand pits along the edges. There are no outlet streams.

Rainfall is scarcely 100 mm (4 in) per year in the northern part of the Dead Sea and barely 50 mm (2 in) in the southern part. The Dead Sea zone’s aridity is due to the rainshadow effect of the Judean Hills. The highlands east of the Dead Sea receive more rainfall than the Dead Sea itself.

To the west of the Dead Sea, the Judean Hills rise less steeply, and are much lower, than the mountains to the east. Along the southwestern side of the lake is a 210 m (700 ft) tall halite formation called “Mount Sodom”.

The lower section of the sea appears green and crossed by parallel lines; these are the Dead Sea Dikes, extensive salt evaporation pans.

Diverse Geography of Israel

January 14th, 2009 Category: Lakes, Rivers, Snapshots

Israel - January 13th, 2009

Israel - January 13th, 2009

Israel is located at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the southwest.

The sovereign territory of Israel, excluding all territories captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War, is approximately 20,770 square kilometers (8,019 sq mi) in area, of which two percent is water.

The total area under Israeli law, including East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, is 22,072 square kilometers (8,522 sq mi).

The total area under Israeli control, including the military-controlled and partially Palestinian-governed territory of the West Bank, is 27,799 square kilometers (10,733 sq mi).

Despite its small size, Israel is home to a variety of geographic features, from the Negev Desert in the south to the mountain ranges of the Galilee, Carmel, and the Golan in the north.

The Israeli Coastal Plain, the green area on the shores of the Mediterranean, is home to seventy percent of the nation’s population.

East of the central highlands lies the Jordan Rift Valley, which forms a small part of the 6,500-kilometer (4,040-mi) Great Rift Valley.

The Jordan River runs along the Jordan Rift Valley, from Mount Hermon through the Hulah Valley and the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea, the lowest point on the surface of the Earth.

Temperatures in Israel vary widely, especially during the winter. The more mountainous regions can be windy, cold, and sometimes snowy. Meanwhile, coastal cities have a typical Mediterranean climate with cool, rainy winters and long, hot summers.

source Wikipedia