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Posts tagged Volcanoes

Volcanoes of Java and the Lesser Sunda Islands

8.5S 115.0E

September 29th, 2012 Category: Volcanoes

Indonesia – August 31st, 2012

The chain of islands on the right side of this image belong to the northern archipelago of the Lesser Sunda Islands, including Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores and Wetar. The archipelago is volcanic in origin, with a number of still active volcanoes, such as Mount Rinjani on Lombok. Others, however, such as Kelimutu, on Flores, are extinct.

Visible on the left side of the image, west of the Lesser Sunda Islands chain, is the island of Java. Formed mostly as the result of volcanic eruptions, Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in Indonesia. A chain of volcanic mountains, easily visible in this image, forms an east-west spine along the island.

Surabaya on the Shores of East Java, Indonesia – February 27th, 2012

7.2S 112.7E

February 27th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Volcanoes

Indonesia - February 6th, 2012

Visible on the coast of Java as a white area in this orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image is Surabaya, Indonesia’s second-largest city with a population of over 2.7 million (5.6 million in the metropolitan area). It is the capital of the province of East Java. It is located on the northern shore of eastern Java at the mouth of the Mas River and along the edge of the Madura Strait.

Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin; it contains thirty-eight mountains forming an east-west spine which have at one time or another been active volcanoes. Several of these can be seen in a row down the center of the island, although Surabaya lies along the coastal plain. More mountains and highlands help to split the interior into a series of relatively isolated regions.

Semarang and Nearby Stratovolcanoes, Indonesia

6.9S 110.4E

February 21st, 2012 Category: Volcanoes

Indonesia - January 7th, 2012

This APM image shows the city of Semarang, located on the northern coast of Java, Indonesia. The capital of the province of Central Java, it has an area of 305.17 km². The northern part of the city is built on the coastal plain while the southern parts are on higher ground.

Visible to the south of the city are numerous volcanic peaks. Four stratovolcanoes can be observed in a curved line due south of Semarang: (from top to bottom) the deeply eroded Mount Ungaran, Mount Telomoyo, the dormant Mount Merbabu and the active Mount Merapi. In the lower left quadrant are two active stratovolanoces: Mount Sundoro (left) and Mount Sumbing (right).

Volcanoes Running East to West Across Java, Indonesia

7.6S 110.7E

September 28th, 2011 Category: Volcanoes

Indonesia - September 25th, 2011

Java (below) is an Indonesian island that lies between Sumatra to the west (left edge) and Bali to the east. Borneo (above) lies to the north and Christmas Island to the south. Java is surrounded by Java Sea in the north, Sunda Strait in the west, Indian Ocean in the south and Bali Strait and Madura Strait in the east.

Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin; it contains thirty-eight mountains forming an east-west spine which have at one time or another been active volcanoes. Several of these can be seen here, their peaks capped with white clouds or snow.

 

Snow-Capped Dome of Baekdu Mountain, North Korea and China

42.0N 128.0E

June 9th, 2011 Category: Volcanoes

China and North Korea - May 23rd, 2011

The snow-capped dome just northeast of the image center is Baekdu Mountain, also known as Changbai Mountain in China, a volcanic mountain on the border between North Korea and China.

At 2744 m, it is the highest mountain of the Changbai mountain range to the north and Baekdudaegan mountain range to the south. It is also the highest mountain on the Korean peninsula and Manchuria.

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