Italy - November 30th, 2009
Veneto is the eighth largest region in Italy, with a total area of 18,398.9 km2 (7,103.9 sq mi). It is located in the north-eastern part of Italy and is bordered by four other Italian regions and Austria. The north-south extension of Veneto is 210 km (130 mi) from the Austrian border to the mouth of the Po and its east-west extension is 195 km (121 mi) from the eastern shore of Lake Garda on the west to the mouth of the River Tagliamento on the east.
Veneto can be divided into four areas, parts of which are all visible in this orthorectified image: the northern Alpine zone, the hill zone, the lower plain and the coastal territory. Twenty-nine% of its surface is mountainous (Carnic Alps, eastern Dolomites and Venetian Prealps). The best known massif in the Dolomites is the Marmolada, while the highest, at 3,342 m (10,960 ft), is the Tofane-massif. The Venetian Prealps are not as high and range between 700 m (2,300 ft) and 2,200 m (7,200 ft).
Fifty-seven% of the Veneto region is covered by the Po Valley, a plain extending from the mountains to the Adriatic Sea, broken only by some low hills: Colli Berici, Colli Euganei, Colli Asolani and Montello, which constitute the remaining 14% of the territory. The Venetian plain itself is subdivided into the higher plain (gravel-strewn and not very fertile) and the lower plain (rich in water sources and arable terrain). The lower plain is both a mainstay of agricultural production and the most populated part of the region.
Several rivers traverse the region: the Po, Adige, Brenta, Bacchiglione, Livenza, Piave, and Tagliamento. The eastern shore of the largest lake in Italy, Lake Garda, belongs to Veneto. The coastline covers approximately 200 km (120 mi), of which 100 km (62 mi) are beaches. The coasts of the Adriatic Sea are characterized by the Venetian Lagoon, visible near the shores on the right, a flat terrain with ponds, marshes and islands. The Po Delta to the south features sandbars and dunes along the coastline. The inland portion contains cultivable land recently reclaimed by a system of canals and dikes. The delta is a stopping-point for migratory birds.