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Posts tagged Uttar Pradesh

Smoke Over Uttar Pradesh, India

27.5N 80.0E

November 30th, 2012 Category: Fires

India – November 30th, 2012

Smoke hangs along the foot of the Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The high mountain peaks prevent it from spreading northward into Nepal and China, although it is free to move eastwards towards Bangaldesh. The smoke is mostly caused by agricultural fires set by farmers to clear land for new crops.

Sarayu, Ghaghara and Ganges Rivers, Northern India

26.3N 86.0E

April 26th, 2010 Category: Mosaics, Rivers

India - March 5th, 2010

India - March 5th, 2010

Both the Ganges and Sarayu Rivers can be seen flowing across the Gangetic Plain, south of the Himalayas, in this image of northern India. The Sarayu, identifiable by its almost 90ยบ turn to the east after flowing down from the Himalayas, crosses the state of Uttar Pradesh.

The Sarayu is often considered to be synonymous with the modern Ghaghara River or as a tributary of it. The Ghaghara, in turn is a left-bank tributary of the Ganges. The two rivers can be seen at their confluence halfway between the center and the right edge of the image.

Vegetation Index of the Gangetic Plain, South of the Himalayas, India

February 24th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

India - February 20th, 2010

India - February 20th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of northern India, just below the Himalayas. A band of terrain at the foot of the mountains shows a good to high index (green to red), while the land to the South shows a lower index (yellow).

In the midst of that green and red band is a whitish-yellow patch: the city of New Delhi. The land to the West of the city, in the state of Haryana, shows a higher index (red) than the land to the East (green), in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. The altitude of Haryana varies between 700 to 3600 ft (200 metres to 1200 metres) above sea level. An area of 1,553 km2 is covered by forest. Haryana has four main geographical features: the Yamuna-Ghaggar plain forming the largest part of the state, the Shivalik Hills to the northeast, semi-desert sandy plain to the southwest and the Aravalli Range in the south.

Uttar Pradesh shares an international border with Nepal and is bounded by seven Indian states. Uttar Pradesh has 12.8% land under forest cover now. In spite of alarming deforestation and poaching of wild life, a diverse flora and fauna exists. It can be divided into two distinct hypsographical regions: the larger Gangetic Plain region in the north, and the smaller Vindhya Hills and Plateau Region in the south.

The former includes the Ganga-Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghra plains, the Ganga plains and the Terai. It has highly fertile alluvial soils and flat topography – (slope 2 m/km) – broken by numerous ponds, lakes and rivers. The Vindhya Hills and Plateau region it is characterised by hard rock strata and varied topography of hills, plains, valleys and plateau; limited availability of water makes the region relatively arid.

Smoke from Agricultural Fires in Pakistan Spreads into India

30.7N 76.7E

November 18th, 2009 Category: Fires

India and China - November 16th, 2009

India and China - November 16th, 2009

Smoke from agricultural fires in Pakistan blows eastward into the states of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh (from west to east) in India. The Himalayas to the north prevent the smoke from spreading farther, into China.

Here, the side of the Himalayas facing Tibet in China is covered in snow, while the side facing India remains untouched. The mountain areas visible here are part of several national parks and reserves, including Govind Pashu National Park, Gangotri National Park and Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (visible from west to east).

Reservoir of Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar on India’s Rihand River

24.0N 82.8E

June 27th, 2009 Category: Lakes, Rivers

India - June 8th, 2009

India - June 8th, 2009

The Son River, difficult to identify because its tan color blends in with the surrounding landscape of east-central India, flows horizontally across the upper part of this image.

More easily spotted due to its blue color, is the Rihand River, a tributary of the Son. The Rihand’s headwaters rise the Sarguja Region of Chattisgarh State, and flow north into the Sonbhadra District of Uttar Pradesh, where it joins the Son.

The Rihand Dam was constructed across the river Rihand near Pipri in the Mirzapur District in 1962 for hydropower generation; the reservoir impounded behind the dam is called Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar, the largest man made lake in India.