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Posts tagged Tyrrhenian Sea

Volcanic Peaks of Mount Etna and Aeolian Islands, Italy

37.7N 14.9E

February 4th, 2012 Category: Volcanoes

Italy - February 2nd, 2012

The island of Sicily (left) and southern Italy (right) are separated by the Strait of Messina, which connects the Tyrrhenian Sea with the Ionian Sea, within the central Mediterranean.Visible near the eastern coast of Sicily is Mount Etna, and visible off the northern coast are the Aeolian Islands.

Mount Etna is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, close to Messina and Catania. It is the tallest active volcano in Europe, currently standing 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high, though this varies with summit eruptions. It also is the highest mountain in Italy south of the Alps. Etna covers an area of 1,190 kmĀ² (460 sq mi) with a basal circumference of 140 km. Mount Etna is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and is in an almost constant state of activity.

The Aeolian Islands or Lipari Islands (Italian: Isole Eolie) are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily. Scientifically the archipelago is defined as a “volcanic arc”. There are two active volcanoes – Stromboli and Vulcano. The volcanic activity of steaming fumaroles and thermal waters are on most of the islands.

Island of Elba Off the Coast of Tuscany, Italy

42.7N 10.1E

January 7th, 2012 Category: Mountains

Italy - December 29th, 2011

This orthorectified image shows the island of Elba, part of Tuscany, Italy, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the coastal town of Piombino. The largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago, Elba is also part of the National Park of the Tuscan Archipelago and the third largest island in Italy after Sicily and Sardinia. It is located in the Tyrrhenian Sea, about 50 kilometres (30 mi) east of the French island of Corsica.

The island of Elba is the largest remaining stretch of land from the ancient tract that once connected the Italian peninsula to Corsica. The northern coast faces the Ligurian Sea; the eastern coast the Piombino Channel; the southern coast the Tyrrhenian Sea; while the Corsica channel divides the western tip of the Island from neighbouring Corsica.

The terrain is quite varied, and is thus divided into several areas based on geomorphology. The mountainous and most recent part of the island can be found to the west, the centre of which is dominated by Mount Capanne (1,018 metres (3,340 ft)), also called the “roof of the Tuscan Archipelago”.

The central part of the island is a mostly flat section with the width being reduced to just four kilometres. It is where the major centres can be found: Portoferraio, Campo nell’Elba. To the east is the oldest part of the island, formed over 400 million years ago. In the hilly area, dominated by Monte Calamita, are the deposits of iron that made Elba famous.

Smoke From Wildfires in Calabria, Italy

38.1N 15.6E

August 22nd, 2011 Category: Fires

Italy - August 11th, 2011

Smoke from fires in the region of Calabria, Italy, blows westward over the Tyrrhenian Sea. Calabria is at the very south of the Italian peninsula, to which it is connected by the Monte Pollino massif, while on the east, south and west it is surrounded by the Ionian and Tyrrhenian seas.

The region is a long and narrow peninsula which stretches from north to south for 248 km (154 mi), with a maximum width of 110 km (68 mi). Some 42% of Calabria’s area, corresponding to 15,080 km2, is mountainous, 49% is hilly, while plains occupy only 9% of the region’s territory.

Gulf of Asinara and Strait of Bonifacio by Sardinia and Corsica – May 27th, 2011

40.1N 9.0E

May 27th, 2011 Category: Image of the day

Italy - May 18th, 2011

The Strait of Bonifacio separates the French island of Corsica (above) and the Italian island of Sardinia (below). It is about 7 miles (11 km) wide and also divides the Tyrrhenian Sea (right) from the western Mediterranean Sea (left).

West of the straight is the Gulf of Asinara, a large bay between Asinara Island (on the western extreme of the gulf), Cape Falcone and the town of Castelsardo, in northern Sardinia, Italy.

Sediments Along Italy’s Adriatic Coast – May 23rd, 2011

43.0N 13.3E

May 23rd, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Sediments

Italy - May 18th, 2011

Green sediments line Italy’s Adriatic coastline, from the mouth of the River Po (above) to the Gargano Peninsula (below).

The Croatian coastline, on the opposite side of the sea, appears mostly sediment-free, as does Italy’s Tyrrhenian coast to the west.