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Posts tagged Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt

Fire Southeast of Lake Chapala, in Michoacán, Mexico

20.2N 103W

March 31st, 2013 Category: Fires

Mexico – March 30th, 2013

Situated on the border between the Mexican states of Jalisco and Michoacán, at 45 kilometers south of the city of Guadalajara, is Lake Chapala (upper left quadrant). Visible southeast of the lake is a fire releasing a plume of smoke towards the south, in Michoacán. The state is crossed by the Sierra Madre del Sur, the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt and the Inter-mountain Valleys region.

Mountain Ranges of Mexico – March 13th, 2011

17.9N 100.4W

March 13th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Mexico - February 17th, 2011

Mexico is crossed from north to south by two mountain ranges known as Sierra Madre Oriental (east) and Sierra Madre Occidental (west), which are the extension of the Rocky Mountains from northern North America.

From east to west at the center, the country is crossed by the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, also known as the Sierra Nevada. A fourth mountain range, the Sierra Madre del Sur, runs from Michoacán to Oaxaca.

As such, the majority of the Mexican central and northern territories are located at high altitudes, and the highest elevations are found at the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Pico de Orizaba (5,700 m, 18,701 ft), Popocatépetl (5,462 m, 17,920 ft) and Iztaccíhuatl (5,286 m, 17,343 ft) and the Nevado de Toluca (4,577 m, 15,016 ft).

Volcanoes and Mountain Peaks of Southern Mexico

19.0N 98.6W

February 11th, 2010 Category: Volcanoes

Mexico - January 26th, 2010

Mexico - January 26th, 2010

While the famous resort city of Acapulco is visible near the bottom of this image of Mexico, the snow-capped peaks of several volcanoes and mountains can be observed near the top. Towards the upper center is a line of three mountains: (from bottom to top) Popocatépetl, Iztaccíhuatl and Mount Tlaloc. East of these three is La Malinche mountain, and west of the three is Nevado de Toluca.

Popocatépetl is an active volcano and, at 5,426 m (17,800 ft), the second highest peak in Mexico after the Pico de Orizaba (5,636 m/18,490 ft). Popocatépetl is linked to the Iztaccíhuatl volcano to the north by the high saddle known as the Paso de Cortés, and lies in the eastern half of the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt.

Iztaccíhuatl is the third highest mountain in Mexico, after Popocatépetl. It has four peaks, the highest of which is 5,230 m (17,159 ft) above sea level. Together, the peaks are seen as depicting the head, chest, knees and feet of a sleeping female figure, which is visible from either the east or the west. Iztaccíhuatl is a mere 70 km (44 mi) to the southeast of Mexico City and is often visible from the capital, depending on atmospheric conditions.

Mount Tlaloc (Spanish: Cerro Tláloc or El Mirador, Nahuatl: Tlalocatepetl) is a mountain in central Mexico, located east of Mexico City. Its height is 13,615 ft. (4,151 metres).

La Malinche mountain, also known as Matlalcuéyetl, Matlalcueitl or Malintzin, is an inactive volcano (dormant for the last 3,100 years) located in Tlaxcala and Puebla states, in Mexico. Officially, its summit reaches 4,461 meters (14646 ft) above sea level, though in some articles it is considered to be 4,503 m (as measured by GPS). Its height makes it the sixth highest peak in Mexico.

Nevado de Toluca is a large stratovolcano in central Mexico, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) west of Mexico City near the city of Toluca. It is generally cited as the fourth highest of Mexico’s peaks, after Iztaccíhuatl, although by some measurements, Sierra Negra is slightly higher. It is often called by the Nahuatl name Xinantécatl.

Mexico City, Mexico

January 8th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Mexico City, Mexico - December 5th, 2008

Mexico City, Mexico - December 5th, 2008

Mexico City (in Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the capital city of Mexico. It is the most important economic, industrial and cultural center in the country, and the most populous city with over 8,836,045 inhabitants in 2008.

The city center appears bright white, and the outskirts light grey. The large dark grey patch is a flat area with some agriculture, criss-crossed by canals. At the bottom of this dark grey zone there is a black rectangle; this is Lake Nabor Carrillo.

Mexico City is located in the Valley of Mexico, also called the Valley of Anáhuac, a large valley in the high plateaus at the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,349 ft).

This valley is located in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt located in the high plateaus of central Mexico. It has a minimum altitude of 2,200 meters above sea level and surrounded by mountains and volcanoes that reach elevations of over 5,000 meters.

The city primarily rests on the heavily-saturated clay of what used to be Lake Texcoco. This soft base is collapsing due to the over-extraction of groundwater and since the beginning of the 20th century, the city has sunk as much as nine meters in some areas.

source Wikipedia

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