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Posts tagged Thrace

Island of Thasos in the Aegean Sea, Greece

40.7N 24.7E

March 13th, 2010 Category: Mountains

Greece - February 19th, 2010

Greece - February 19th, 2010

Thasos or Thassos, visible in the lower left quadrant of this orthorectified image, is a Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea, close to the coast of Thrace and the plain of the river Nestos but geographically part of Macedonia. It is the northernmost Greek island.

Thasos has a generally round shape, without deep bays and significant peninsulas. The highest peak, Ypsario or Ipsario, is 1,205 m (3428 ft) high and lies in the eastern half of the island, which is steeper and mostly covered in pine forest. The western half has gentler slopes. While generally mountainous, the terrain is not particularly rugged, as it rises gradually from the coast towards the island center.

Mountains and Plains of Turkey

May 1st, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Turkey - April 5th, 2009

Turkey - April 5th, 2009

Turkey is a transcontinental Eurasian country with a territory more than 1,600 kilometres (1,000 mi) long and 800 km (500 mi) wide and a roughly rectangular shape. Turkey’s area, inclusive of lakes, occupies 783,562 square kilometres (300,948 sq mi).

Turkey is encircled by seas on three sides: the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Turkey also contains the Sea of Marmara in the northwest.

The European section of Turkey, in the northwest, is Eastern Thrace, and forms the borders of Turkey with Greece and Bulgaria.

The Asian part of the country, Anatolia (also called Asia Minor), consists of a high central plateau with narrow coastal plains, between the Köroğlu and East-Black Sea mountain range to the north and the Taurus Mountains to the south.

The uneven north Anatolian terrain running along the Black Sea resembles a long, narrow belt. This region comprises approximately one-sixth of Turkey’s total land area. As a general trend, the inland Anatolian plateau becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward. Here, the coastal plains appear green and fertile while the central plateau is brown and seems drier.

Eastern Turkey has a more mountainous landscape, which is covered with snow in this image. This region is home to the sources of rivers such as the Euphrates, Tigris and Aras, and contains Lake Van and Mount Ararat, Turkey’s highest point at 5,165 metres (16,946 ft).

Sea of Marmara, Bosphorus Strait and Lake Iznik, Turkey – April 26th, 2009

April 26th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Greece - April 10th, 2009

Greece - April 10th, 2009

The Sea of Marmara, also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, is the inland sea that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey’s Asian and European regions.

The Bosphorus Strait (upper left quadrant) connects it to the Black Sea and the Dardanelles strait to the Aegean. The city of Istanbul is visible along the shoreline of the sea and the Bosphorus Strait.

The sea has an area of 11,350 km² with the greatest depth reaching 1 370 m. Its salinity averages about 22 parts per thousand, which is slightly greater than that of the Black Sea but only about two-thirds that of most oceans.

However, the water is much more saline at the sea-bottom, averaging salinities of around 38 parts per thousand — similar to that of the Mediterranean Sea.

This high-density saline water, like that of the Black Sea itself, does not migrate to the surface. Water from the Granicus, Susurluk, Biga and Gonen Rivers also reduces the salinity of the sea, though with less influence than on the Black Sea. With little land in Thrace draining southward, almost all of these rivers flow from Anatolia.

Another body of water, Lake İznik, is visible in the lower right quadrant.  The lake is located in Turkey’s Bursa Province. It has an area of 290.00 km² and maximum depth of about 80 m.

Greek Islands in Northern Aegean Sea

April 19th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Greece - April 10th, 2009

Greece - April 10th, 2009

The Greek island of Thassos is located in the northern Aegean Sea, close to the coast of Thrace and the plain of the river Nestos. It is approximately 7 km from the mainland and 20 km south-east of Kavala.

The Island is formed mainly by gneisses, schists and marbles of the Rhodope Massif. The highest elevation of Thasos is the Ypsario, at 1,204 m.

Upon opening the full image, another island, Samothrace, can be seen to the west of Thassos. The island is 17 km long and is 178 km2 in size.

It is the southernmost island and point in Greek Thrace. It is only a few kilometres west of the maritime boundary between Greece and Turkey.

The Bosphorus Strait and Lake Kuş, Turkey

February 6th, 2009 Category: Lakes

The Bosphorus Strait, Turkey - January 27th, 2009

The Bosphorus Strait, Turkey - January 27th, 2009

The Bosphorus Strait divides Turkey into the regions of Thrace (closer to Europe) and Anatolia (closer to Asia), and connects the Black Sea to the North with the Sea of Marmara to the South.

The city of Istanbul can be easily spotted along the shores of the Sea of Marmara and the strait, as this densely populated area appears light brown, in comparison with the surrounding green vegetation and dark brown uneven terrain.

Lake Kuş (also called Lake Manyas) can be seen in the lower left hand corner. It is a shallow, nutrient-rich freshwater lake (average depth 3 m) fed by groundwater and four streams. The high presence of nutrients probably leads to greater algal growth and explains the vivid green color of the water.

source Wikipedia