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Posts tagged Tarbagatai Mountains

Lakes Zaysan and Ulungur in Kazakhstan and China

47.3N 87.1E

May 17th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Mountains

Kazakhstan, Russia and China - May 2nd, 2011

Visible at the top of this image are the Altai Mountains, in southwestern Siberia, Russia near the borders with China, Kazakhstan and Mongolia.

Visible to the south is Lake Zaysan, in eastern Kazakhstan, in a hollow between the Altai and Tarbagatai Mountains. A freshwater lake, at around 1,810 km² (700 mi²) it is the largest lake in the East Kazakhstan Province.

Moving eastward, one can see Lake Ulungur, in Fuhai County, Xinjiang, China. With an area of 1,035 square kilometers, the lake is one of China’s ten largest freshwater lakes.

Lake Zaysan Between the Altai and Tarbagatai Mountains, Kazakhstan

47.9N 83.8E

May 5th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

Kazakhstan - April 28th, 2010

Kazakhstan - April 28th, 2010

Lake Zaysan is a freshwater lake in eastern Kazakhstan, visible in this orthorectified image in a hollow between the Altai and Tarbagatai Mountains. It is the largest lake in the East Kazakhstan Province, with a surface area of approximately 1,810 km² (700 mi²).

The lake lies at the altitude 420 m, is 105 km long and 22–48 km wide, with the maximum depth 15 m. Since the construction of the Bukhtarma dam the lake has risen 6 m (20 ft) above its natural level.

Its major tributaries are the Kara Irtysh (Black Irtysh) and Kendyrlyk from the east, its only outlet is the Irtysh River (or White Irtysh). The lake is generally frozen from the beginning of November to the end of April.

Lakes Near the Taklamakan Desert, China

42.0N 87.0E

October 19th, 2009 Category: Lakes

China - September 24th, 2009

China - September 24th, 2009

Several lakes are visible in this image of western China, despite being near to the arid Taklamakan Desert. Of note on the eastern end of the desert is the dry basin of the former Lake Lop Nur, now containing an area of salt fields that appear as a light yet bright blue rectangle.

Visible just north of the Taklamakan desert is Lake Bosten, a dark blue freshwater lake located 57 km northeast of Korla, Xinjiang in the Bayin’gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture. With an area of about 1,000 square kilometers, it is the largest lake in Xinjiang.

Further north, appearing greenish in color, is Lake Ulungur, in Fuhai, Xinjiang. Covering an area of 1,035 square kilometers, the lake is one of China’s ten largest freshwater lakes. Lake Ulungur is divided into two sections: Buluntuo Lake and the smaller Jili Lake.

Finally, the lower end of Lake Zaysan, a freshwater lake in eastern Kazakhstan, can be seen in the upper left corner. The ca. 1,810 km² (700 mi²) lake is located in a hollow between the Altai and Tarbagatai Mountains.

Agriculture and Desert in China’s Dzungarian Basin

45.5N 84.8E

October 6th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

China - September 4th, 2009

China - September 4th, 2009

Dzungaria is a geographical region in northwest China corresponding to the northern half of Xinjiang. It covers approximately 777,000 km2 (300,000 sq mi), lying mostly within Xinjiang, and extending into western Mongolia and eastern Kazakhstan.

The core of Dzungaria is the triangular Dzungarian Basin (also Junggar Basin) with its central Gurbantunggut Desert. It is bounded by the Tien Shan to the south, the Altai Mountains to the northeast and the Tarbagatai Mountains to the northwest.

The Dzungarian Basin is largely steppe and semi-desert; only a gap in the mountains to the north allows moist air masses to provide the basin lands with enough moisture to remain semi-desert rather than becoming a true desert. This also allows a thin layer of vegetation to grow. Here, thanks to additional irrigation, green fields cover some of the land, particularly to the south, contrasting with the sand dunes to the east.

Runoff from the surrounding mountains into the basin supplies several lakes, including the long, shallow Mana Sihu towards the center of the image.

Lakes Zaysan and Markakol, Kazakhstan – September 21st, 2009

47.9N 83.8E

September 21st, 2009 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Kazakhstan - September 4th, 2009

Kazakhstan - September 4th, 2009

Lake Zaysan is a freshwater lake in eastern Kazakhstan, in a hollow between the Altai and Tarbagatai Mountains, at an altitude of 420 m. The lake is 105 km long and 22 to 48 km wide, with a surface area of 1,810 km² (700 mi²). Its maximum depth is 15 m.

Lake Zaysan’s major tributaries are the Kara-Irtysh (Black Irtysh) and Kendyrlyk from the east. Here it appears brownish green from the inflow of sediments from those rivers. Its only outlet is the Irtysh River (or White Irtysh).

Another body of water, Lake Markakol, is visible below the snow-capped mountains in the upper right corner. It is fed by small rivers and streams.