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Volcanic Peaks of Mount Etna and Aeolian Islands, Italy

37.7N 14.9E

February 4th, 2012 Category: Volcanoes

Italy - February 2nd, 2012

The island of Sicily (left) and southern Italy (right) are separated by the Strait of Messina, which connects the Tyrrhenian Sea with the Ionian Sea, within the central Mediterranean.Visible near the eastern coast of Sicily is Mount Etna, and visible off the northern coast are the Aeolian Islands.

Mount Etna is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, close to Messina and Catania. It is the tallest active volcano in Europe, currently standing 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high, though this varies with summit eruptions. It also is the highest mountain in Italy south of the Alps. Etna covers an area of 1,190 km² (460 sq mi) with a basal circumference of 140 km. Mount Etna is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and is in an almost constant state of activity.

The Aeolian Islands or Lipari Islands (Italian: Isole Eolie) are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily. Scientifically the archipelago is defined as a “volcanic arc”. There are two active volcanoes – Stromboli and Vulcano. The volcanic activity of steaming fumaroles and thermal waters are on most of the islands.

Summer Landscape of Sicily – July 29th, 2009

37.3N 14.6E

July 29th, 2009 Category: Image of the day

Italy - July 26th, 2009

Italy - July 26th, 2009

Sicily is the autonomous region of Italy with the greatest land area, at 25,708 square kilometres (9,926 sq mi), and also the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Sicily is directly adjacent to the Italian region of Calabria, via the Strait of Messina to the east.

Sicily’s position means that it enjoys a Mediterranean climate with mild to warm, wet winters and warm to hot, dry summers. The Sicilian terrain in this image, taken midsummer, appears mostly tan in color. The lack of sediments flowing into the surrounding sea also indicates that there has not been significant rainfall recently.

Sicily and its small surrounding islands are highly significant in the area of volcanology. Mount Etna, located in the east, is the only volcano on mainland Sicily; with a height of 3,320 m (10,900 ft) it is the tallest active volcano in Europe and one of the most active in the world.

As well as Etna, there are several non-volcanic mountain ranges in Sicily: Sicani to the west, Eeri in the central area and Hyblaean in the south-east. Across the north of Sicily there are three others: Madonie, Nebrodi and Peloritani.

The Aeolian Islands to the north-east are volcanically significant with Stromboli currently active, also in the Tyrrhenian Sea are the three dormant volcanos of Vulcano, Vulcanello and Lipari.

Off the Southern coast of Sicily, to the right, the island country of Malta is visible as well.

Sicily and Aeolian Islands, Italy

37.3N 14.6E

July 20th, 2009 Category: Snapshots, Volcanoes

Sicily and Aeolian Islands, Italy - May 30th, 2009

Sicily and Aeolian Islands, Italy - May 30th, 2009

Patchy clouds dot the skies over most of Sicily; the only area completely obscured by cloud-cover is the eastern flank of Mount Etna. The Strait of Messina and much of the Sicilian coastline, can be seen quite clearly.

The arch of the Aeolian Islands, also known as the Lipari Islands, is visible in the Tyrrhenian Sea above Sicily. This volcanic archipelago includes the islands of Lipari, Vulcano, Salina, Stromboli, Filicudi, Alicudi, Panarea and Basiluzzo.

The Aeolian Islands, Italy

38.4N 14.9E

June 4th, 2009 Category: Volcanoes

Aeolian Islands and Sicily, Italy - May 11th, 2009

Aeolian Islands and Sicily, Italy - May 11th, 2009

The Aeolian Islands or Lipari Islands are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily.  Above, in the full image, the spiralling shape of currents in the sea is visible.

The largest island is Lipari (in the thumbnail image, the fourth from the left edge). The other islands include Vulcano, Salina, Stromboli, Filicudi, Alicudi, Panarea and Basiluzzo.

The present shape of the Aeolian Islands is the result of volcanic activity over a period of 260,000 years.

There are two active volcanoes – Stromboli (in the full image, the island farthest north) and Vulcano (to the right of Lipari). However, most of the islands experience volcanic activity from steaming fumaroles and thermal waters.

Below, on the island of Sicily, the famous Mount Etna volcano can also be observed. As this image has been orthorectified, the volcano and the mountains and hills in this area can be seen without geometric distortion.

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