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Posts tagged Strait of Malacca

Kuala Lumpur and Singapore, Malay Peninsula

3.1N 101.6E

March 24th, 2012 Category: Mountains

Malaysia - January 6th, 2012

This wide-swath ASAR image shows the city of Kuala Lumpur (visible as a bright white area towards the upper left), the capital of Malaysia, on the Malay Peninsula, and the city-state of Singapore (visible at the right edge), just off the peninsula’s coast. The peninsula is a landmass in Southeast Asia that runs approximately north-south and, at its terminus, is the southern-most point of the Asian mainland.

The Titiwangsa Mountains are part of the Tenasserim Hills system, and form the backbone of the Peninsula (more of this range is visible upon opening the full image). The Strait of Malacca separates the Malay Peninsula from the Indonesian island of Sumatra while the south coast is separated from the island of Singapore by the Straits of Johor.

Singapore is a city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, 137 km north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia’s Riau Islands by the Singapore Strait to its south. Singapore is highly urbanised but almost half of the country is covered by greenery. More land is being created for development through land reclamation.

Sediments in Strait of Malacca by Indonesia and Malaysia

1.0N 102.5E

June 3rd, 2011 Category: Sediments

Indonesia and Malaysia - May 18th, 2011

Sediments flow off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra and into the Strait of Malacca. The sediments are dark brown to the west and tan to the east.

The dark brown sediments are from rivers such as the Siak, whose mouth is opposite Tebing Tinggi Island, which is separated by a narrow channel from Sumatra. It is directly west of Padang Island and directly south of Rangsang Island, and is west of Singapore across the Strait of Malacca.

State of Penang and Titiwangsa Mountains, Malaysia – February 24th, 2010

5.3N 100.2E

February 24th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Malaysia - January 26th, 2010

Malaysia - January 26th, 2010

The state of Penang, in Malaysia, can be seen in the upper left quadrant of this orthorectified image, on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia by the Strait of Malacca. Penang is the second smallest state in Malaysia after Perlis, and the eighth most populous.

The state is geographically divided into two sections: Penang Island and Province Wellesley. The former is an island of 293 square kilometres located in the Straits of Malacca with an estimated population of 745,000. Province Wellesley (also known as Seberang Perai in Malay) is a narrow hinterland of 753 square kilometres on the peninsula across a narrow channel whose smallest width is 4 km (2.5 miles).

While the topography of Province Wellesley is mostly flat, the Titiwangsa Mountains can be seen running down the right side of the image. These mountains are the main range that forms the backbone of the Malay Peninsula, running north-south, from Thailand to peninsular Malaysia.

Sediments Around the Riau Islands, Indonesia

May 2nd, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Indonesia - April 23rd, 2009

Indonesia - April 23rd, 2009

Sediments flow off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, around the Riau Islands, and into the Strait of Malacca.

The strait stretches 805 kilometers (500 miles) between the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra. Across from the Riau Islands, on the peninsula, is the city of Singapore.

Riau Islands is a province of Indonesia, consisting of Riau Archipelago, Natuna Islands, Anambas, and Lingga Islands. There are around 3,200 islands in the province.

Batam has a majority of the province’s population. Other populated major islands include Bintan and Karimun. Sizewise, however, the sparsely populated Natuna Islands are larger.

While the amount of sediments is densest, appearing golden brown, around the Riau Islands, sediments are also present along the entire coastline of Indonesia and the Malay Peninsula.

Sediments Along Coast of Perak, Malaysia – April 1st, 2009

April 1st, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Rivers

Perak, Malaysia - March 23rd, 2009

Perak, Malaysia - March 23rd, 2009

Perak is one of Malaysia’s 13 states, bordered by the Strait of Malacca to the West. Its other borders are shared by the state of Kedah and Thailand’s Yala Province to the north, and the Malaysian states of Penang to the northwest, Kelantan and Pahang to the east, and Selangor to the south.

Perak, meaning silver in Malay, covers an area of 21,006 km², making up 6.4 percent of total land banks in Malaysia. It is the second largest Malaysian state on the Malay Peninsula, and the fourth in the whole of Malaysia.

Perak’s days are warm and sunny, while its nights are cool the whole year through, with occasional rains in the evenings. Temperature is fairly constant, that is, from 23°C to 33°C, with humidity often more than 82.3 percent. Annual rainfall measures at 3,218 mm.

Here, sediments stream into the Strait of Malacca from several rivers, including the Perak River, below the center. The Perak is the second longest river in Peninsular Malaysia. A number of towns are on its banks, including the royal town of Kuala Kangsar.

While the Perak spills golden yellow sediments into the strait, the sediments from the Bernam River, just to its  south, marking the border between the states of Perak and Selangor, are reddish-brown in color.

Bernam River flows from Mount Liang Timur in the east on the Titiwangsa Mountains to the Straits of Malacca in the west. The peak of Mount Liang Timur itself marks the point where Pahang, Perak and Selangor meet.

The eastern part of the river is suitable for palm oil and rubber tree plantation while swamps fill the western areas. A percentage of the swampy areas have been reclaimed and dried up by a drainage system. Some have been converted into paddy fields.