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Posts tagged Sonora

Mexico, from Coastal Plains to Sierra Madre Occidental Mountains – January 10th, 2010

January 10th, 2010 Category: Image of the day

Mexico - December 20th, 2009

Mexico - December 20th, 2009

The coastal plain is a narrow strip of land that reaches along the length of the Mexico and lies between the ocean and the foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental Range. This stretch of Mexico’s western coastline belongs to the states of Sonora (upper half) and Sinaloa (lower half), while the mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental Range, running parallel to the shoreline, extend into the states of Chihuahua (above) and Durango (below).

Sinaloa has a warm climate on the coast side, moderate-warm in the valleys and lower mountainskirts, moderate-cold in small mountains and cold in the high ones. Its weather characteristics vary from subtropical, found on the plains, to cold in the nearby mountains. Temperatures range from 22°C to 43°C with rains during the summer.

Sonora has varied physiographic regions, ranging from mountains to coastal plains to desert. Extreme high temperatures, upwards of 50 °C or higher occur in summer in desert areas while winters, although short, are cool compared with most of Mexico. Most parts of Sonora are located in the desert; the state is thus extremely arid. Some cities are less hot in summer and with cold winters because there are at an altitude of 1,500 or more, while other cities are extremely hot in summer and mild to warm in winter because they are at an altitude of 208 m or less.

Agriculture Near Hermosillo in Sonora, Mexico

29.0N 110.9W

January 6th, 2010 Category: Snapshots

Mexico - December 20th, 2009

Mexico - December 20th, 2009

This orthorectified image shows agricultural areas and mountains in the Mexican state of Sonora near the Sea of Cortez (Gulf of California). In this state, irrigated fields account for about 96.5% of the total lands harvested. In irrigated areas, crops such as wheat, cotton, watermelons, sesame, chick peas, sorghum, corn and grapevines are all grown.

Upon opening the full image, the city of Hermosillo can be seen towards the top. It is the largest city and capital of the Mexican state of Sonora, and is located in the center of the state, 167 miles (270 kilometers) from the border with the United States. Hermosillo is known for its extreme hot weather because it is located in the Sonoran desert. For three months per year Hermosillo has an average of 40°C or 50°C or more, making it one of the hottest cities in Mexico.

Agriculture and Hills in Mexico Near Gulf of California

28.6N 111.5W

October 15th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Mexico - September 6th, 2009

Mexico - September 6th, 2009

This orthorectified image focuses on an area of the Mexican state of Sonora, near the Gulf of California. Offshore, a small island called Isla San Pedro Nolasco can be seen admist the swirling currents of the gulf.

Inland, flat agricultural areas can be seen on the left side of the image, while the right side contains some hills and plateaus reaching heights of up to 600 meters. These are part of the foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental.

Irrigated Agriculture Near Ciudad Obregón, Mexico

27.4N 109.9W

October 2nd, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Mexico - September 3rd, 2009

Mexico - September 3rd, 2009

The large, bright white and grey checked area in this orthorectified image is a mostly agricultural zone in the Mexican state of Sonora. The intensely irrigated, expansive area of fields is bordered by the Gulf of California (or Sea of Cortez) below and the city of Ciudad Obregón above.

Ciudad Obregón (locally known simply as Obregón) is the second largest city in the northern Mexican state of Sonora and is situated 525 km (326 mi) south of the state’s border with the U.S. state of Arizona. It is also the municipal seat of Cajeme municipality, located in the Yaqui Valley.

San Luis Río Colorado, Mexico-USA Border

32.4N 114.7W

June 10th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

USA and Mexico - June 2nd, 2009

USA and Mexico - June 2nd, 2009

Agriculture, mountains, desert and populated areas are all visible in this radar image of the USA-Mexico border.

The bright white area in the lower left quadrant is San Luis Río Colorado, a city and its surrounding municipality lying in the northwestern corner of the state of Sonora, Mexico. The municipality covers an area of 8,412.75 km² (3,248.2 sq mi) in the Sonoran Desert.

The city is situated on the banks of the Río Colorado, which at this point marks the state border with Baja California. It also stands on the international border with the United States, adjacent to San Luis, Arizona.

Reaching in diagonally from the center left is the southeastern end of a large erg, or sand dune field, called the Algodones Dunes.

Also stretching diagonally across the image, through its center, is a mountain range in the Sonoran Desert. It crosses from California into Arizona, before finally reaching Mexico.