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Posts tagged Sistema Central

Mountains of Spain’s Meseta Central

40.3N 3.7W

April 10th, 2012 Category: Mountains

Spain - April 9th, 2012

The Meseta Central (“Inner Plateau”) is a vast plateau in the heart of peninsular Spain that has elevations that range from 610 to 760 m. Rimmed by mountains, the Meseta Central slopes gently to the west and to the series of rivers that form some of the border with Portugal.

The Sistema Central, described as the “dorsal spine” of the Meseta Central, divides the Meseta into northern and southern subregions, the former higher in elevation and smaller in area than the latter. The Sistema Central rims the capital city of Madrid with peaks that rise to 2,400 m north of the city and to lower elevations south of it. West of Madrid, the Sistema Central shows its highest peak, Pico Almanzor, of 2,592 m.

The southern portion of the Meseta (Spanish: Submeseta Sur) is further divided by twin mountain ranges, the Montes de Toledo running to the east with the Sierra de Guadalupe, to the west. Their peaks do not rise much higher than 1,500 m. With many easy passes, including those that connect the Meseta with the Andalusian Plain, the Montes de Toledo do not present an obstacle to transportation and communication. This chain of lower mountain ranges is separated from the Sistema Central to the north by the longest river in the Iberian Peninsula: the Tagus River.

Mountain Ranges Crossing the Meseta Central, Spain

41.4N 3.1W

June 1st, 2011 Category: Mountains

Spain - May 23rd, 2011

Northern Spain, along the coast of the Bay of Biscay, shows green vegetation, as do the mountainous areas of the country such as the slopes of the Sistema Central.

The terrain of the Meseta Central, however, which is crossed by several of these mountain ranges, appears appear tan and considerably drier.

 

Sierra de Guadarrama North of Madrid, Spain

40.4N 3.7W

November 30th, 2010 Category: Mountains

Spain - August 3rd, 2010

The Sierra de Guadarrama covers the upper part of this orthorectified image of central Spain. The range forms the easter half of the Sistema Central, the mountains running across the middle of the Iberian Peninsula.

Visible to the south of the mountains is Spain’s capital city, Madrid, appearing as an entensive white area. Numerous cities and towns can be observed as smaller white dots around the large city.

Mountains Around and Across the Meseta Central, Spain

41.2N 3.1W

October 29th, 2010 Category: Mountains

Spain - October 21st, 2010

The Meseta Central, a vast plateau in the heart of peninsular Spain, has elevations that range from 610 to 760 meters. The plateau, which slopes gently to the west, is surrounded by mountains and has other ranges crossing it. Those ranges appear brown in color here, with the lowlands at their feet appearing a golden yellow.

The Sistema Central, described as the “dorsal spine” of the Meseta Central, divides the Meseta into northern and southern subregions, the former higher in elevation and smaller in area than the latter. Their height sometimes reaches near 2600 meters.

The southern portion of the Meseta is further divided by twin mountain ranges, the Montes de Toledo running to the east and the Sierra de Guadalupe, to the west. Their peaks do not rise much higher than 1,500 meters.

The mountain regions that rim the Meseta Central and are associated with it are the Sierra Morena, the Cordillera Cantabrica, and the Sistema Iberico.

Madrid South of the Sierra de Guadarrama Mountains, Spain – March 26th, 2010

40.4N 3.7W

March 26th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Mountains, Rivers

Spain - February 19th, 2010

Spain - February 19th, 2010

Madrid (lower left quadrant of this orthorectified image) is the capital and largest city of Spain. The city, which spans a total of 698 km² (234 sq mi), is located on the river Manzanares in the centre of the Community of Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its conurbation and extended suburbs and villages).

North of the city lies the Sierra de Guadarrama, a mountain range forming the eastern half of the Sistema Central (a mountain range in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula), located between the Sierra de Gredos in the province of Ávila, and Sierra de Ayllón in the province of Guadalajara.

The range runs southwest – northeast, extending into the province of Madrid to the south, and towards the provinces of Ávila and Segovia to the north. The chain as a whole measures approximately 80 km in length, with its highest peak, Peñalara, reaching 2,428 m above sea level (7,965 ft).

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