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Posts tagged Serra do Mar

São Paulo on Plateau Within Serra do Mar Mountains – July 1st, 2012

23.5S 46.6W

July 1st, 2012 Category: Image of the day

Brazil – January 4th, 2012

The large, greyish tan area sprawling across the surrounding green terrain is São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, the largest city in the southern hemisphere and Americas, and the world’s seventh largest city by population. São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil, on a plateau located within the Serra do Mar, itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2,621 ft) above sea level, although being at a distance of only about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. Sediments can be seen by the coastline, as can the large islands of Ilhabela (center) and Ilha Grande (right edge).

São Paulo, Largest City in Brazil – December 26th, 2011

23.5S 46.6W

December 26th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains

Brazil - December 24th, 2011

This FAPAR image focuses on the city of São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil. Also visible further up the coast in the full image is the city of Rio de Janeiro on the shores of Guanabara Bay.

São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil, in southeastern São Paulo State, approximately halfway between Curitiba and Rio de Janeiro. The city is located on a plateau located within the Serra do Mar (Portuguese for “Sea Range”), itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2,621 ft) above sea level, although being at a distance of only about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. Rolling terrain prevails within the urbanized areas of São Paulo except in the northern area of the city, where the Serra da Cantareira Range boasts higher elevations and a sizable remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest.

There are no large natural lakes in the region, but the Billings and Guarapiranga reservoirs in the southern outskirts of the city are used for power generation, water storage, and leisure activities. The original flora consisted mainly of a great variety of broadleaf evergreens. Today, non-native species are common, as the mild climate and abundant rainfall permit a multitude of tropical, subtropical and temperate plants to be cultivated, with eucalyptus being especially ubiquitous.

Urban Sprawl of São Paulo in Southeastern Brazil

23.5S 46.6W

April 20th, 2011 Category: Snapshots

Brazil - April 15th, 2011

The city of São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil, in southeastern São Paulo State. Here it appears as a sprawling, greyish tan expanse across the otherwise green landscape.

The city is located on a plateau located within the Serra do Mar (Portuguese for “Sea Range”), itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2,621 ft) above sea level, although being at a distance of only about 70 kilometers (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean.

Vegetation Index of Eastern Brazil

23.5S 46.6W

December 4th, 2009 Category: Climate Change

Brazil - November 18th, 2009

Brazil - November 18th, 2009

In this FAPAR image of part of the east coast of Brazil, much of the land appears green, indicating good photosynthetic activity. Some yellow patches, where little photosynthetic activity is present, can be seen scattered about the landscape and near the metropolitan area of São Paulo, near the coast. On the other hand, red areas indicating high activity become more dense as one moves southward.

Many of these red areas are in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. The humid tropical Serra do Mar coastal forests cover the state’s narrow coastal zone, which is crossed by numerous short streams. The central part of the state is home to the Araucaria moist forests, dominated by emergent Brazilian pines.

The City and Metropolitan Area of São Paulo, Brazil

23.5S 46.6W

November 2nd, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Brazil - August 31st, 2009

Brazil - August 31st, 2009

São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil, in southeastern São Paulo State. The city is located on a plateau that is part of the Serra do Mar (Portuguese for “Sea Range”), itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2,620 ft) above sea level – though at a distance of only about 70 kilometers (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean.

Rolling terrain prevails within the urbanized areas of São Paulo except in the North of the city, where the Serra da Cantareira Range boasts higher elevations and a sizable remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest.

São Paulo is the largest city in Brazil, and the world’s 7th largest metropolitan area. The city is the capital of the state of São Paulo, the most populous Brazilian state.

The city also lies at the center of the heavily urbanized São Paulo metropolitan area, with an estimated 19.889.559 people in 2009 over 7,944 square kilometers (3,067.2 sq mi), is the largest metropolitan area in the nation. Depending on which definition is used, the São Paulo metropolitan area is ranked as either the first or second most populous in the Americas.

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