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Sun Glint on Sea of Galilee and Dead Sea

44.8N 73.6W

June 9th, 2010 Category: Lakes

Israel/Palestine and Jordan - June 2nd, 2010

Israel/Palestine and Jordan - June 2nd, 2010

The Dead Sea is a landlocked salt lake between Israel/Palestine and Jordan. Here, both the Dead Sea (below) and the Sea of Galilee (above) appear whitish silver due to sun glint.

The Dead Sea is the lowest body of water on Earth, it averages about 1,312 ft (400 m) below sea level. It is 50 mi (80 km) long and up to 11 mi (18 km) wide.

Its eastern shore is Jordanian, while the southern half of its western shore is Israeli; the northern half of the western shore is within the West Bank, occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War (1967).

Diverse Geography of Israel

January 14th, 2009 Category: Lakes, Rivers, Snapshots

Israel - January 13th, 2009

Israel - January 13th, 2009

Israel is located at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the southwest.

The sovereign territory of Israel, excluding all territories captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War, is approximately 20,770 square kilometers (8,019 sq mi) in area, of which two percent is water.

The total area under Israeli law, including East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, is 22,072 square kilometers (8,522 sq mi).

The total area under Israeli control, including the military-controlled and partially Palestinian-governed territory of the West Bank, is 27,799 square kilometers (10,733 sq mi).

Despite its small size, Israel is home to a variety of geographic features, from the Negev Desert in the south to the mountain ranges of the Galilee, Carmel, and the Golan in the north.

The Israeli Coastal Plain, the green area on the shores of the Mediterranean, is home to seventy percent of the nation’s population.

East of the central highlands lies the Jordan Rift Valley, which forms a small part of the 6,500-kilometer (4,040-mi) Great Rift Valley.

The Jordan River runs along the Jordan Rift Valley, from Mount Hermon through the Hulah Valley and the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea, the lowest point on the surface of the Earth.

Temperatures in Israel vary widely, especially during the winter. The more mountainous regions can be windy, cold, and sometimes snowy. Meanwhile, coastal cities have a typical Mediterranean climate with cool, rainy winters and long, hot summers.

source Wikipedia

Dead Sea – October 29th, 2008

October 29th, 2008 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

The Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea - May 19th, 2008

The Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea - May 19th, 2008

Several different bodies of water are visible in this image of Israel/Palestine, Jordan and part of Syria: the Sea of Galilee to the North, the Dead Sea to the South, the Jordan River, and the Mediterranean Sea to the West.

The Dead Sea is a salt lake between Israel and the West Bank to the west, and Jordan to the east. It is connected to the Sea of Galilee by the Jordan River, The Dead Sea is 67 kilometres (42 mi) long and 18 kilometres (11 mi) wide at its widest point.

It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River. It is 420 metres (1,378 ft) below sea level, and its shores are the lowest point on the surface of the Earth on dry land. The Dead Sea is 330 m (1,083 ft) deep; the deepest hypersaline lake in the world.

The Dead Sea is also the world’s second saltiest body of water, after Lake Asal in Djibouti, with 30 percent salinity. It is 8.6 times saltier than the ocean, and nine times saltier than the Mediterranean Sea.

This salinity makes for a harsh environment where animals cannot flourish. The sea is called “dead” because its high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic organisms, such as fishes and aquatic plants, from living in it, though minuscule quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi are present.

Close-up of Dead Sea Dikes

Close-up of Dead Sea Dikes

In the image we can observe the recession the Dead Sea has experienced over the last few decades; it has been rapidly shrinking because of diversion of incoming water. From an elevation of 395 m (1,296 ft) below sea level in 1970 it fell 22 m (72 ft) to 418 m (1,371 ft) below sea level in 2006, reaching a drop rate of 1 m (3 ft) per year.

The sea used to be one large body of water, but it is now separated into northern and southern sections. The southern end is fed by a canal maintained by the Dead Sea Works, a company that converts the sea’s raw materials. This company and another, Arab Potash (APC) use extensive salt evaporation pans that have essentially diked the entire southern end of the Dead Sea for the purpose of producing carnallite, potassium magnesium chloride, which is then processed further to produce potassium chloride.

These huge dikes are visible in the satellite image as lines in the southern part of the sea. Unfortunately, the activities of both of these companies contribute to the recession of the water.

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