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Posts tagged São Paulo

Sediments Along Coast of Southern Brazil

27.9S 48.6W

May 16th, 2013 Category: Sediments

Brazil – May 10th, 2013

Sediments, perhaps mixed with phytoplankton, line the coast of the Brazilian states of Rio Grande do Sul (below) and Santa Catarina (above). In the full image, the state and city of São Paulo can be seen as well (top). Partially obscured by clouds by the bottom edge is Lagoa dos Patos, a heavily sedimented coastal lagoon.

São Paulo on Plateau Within Serra do Mar Mountains – July 1st, 2012

23.5S 46.6W

July 1st, 2012 Category: Image of the day

Brazil – January 4th, 2012

The large, greyish tan area sprawling across the surrounding green terrain is São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, the largest city in the southern hemisphere and Americas, and the world’s seventh largest city by population. São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil, on a plateau located within the Serra do Mar, itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2,621 ft) above sea level, although being at a distance of only about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. Sediments can be seen by the coastline, as can the large islands of Ilhabela (center) and Ilha Grande (right edge).

Dams Along the Paraná River, Brazil

22.8S 53.7W

June 16th, 2012 Category: Rivers

Brazil - May 8th, 2012

The wide, greenish-blue line crossing this image of Brazil diagonally is the Paraná River. Here, the river appears widest and most blue in color behind the Engineer Sérgio Motta Dam, formerly known as the Porto Primavera Dam, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.

South of the dam, the river forms a natural boundary between Paraguay and Brazil until the confluence with the Iguazu River. Shortly upstream from this confluence, however, the river is dammed by the Itaipu Dam, the second largest hydroelectric power station in the world (after the Three Gorges Dam in the People’s Republic of China), and creating another massive, shallow reservoir behind it.

After merging with the Iguazu, the Paraná then becomes the natural border between Paraguay and Argentina. Here, the outline of Argentina’s Misiones Province is clearly visible as it is darker green than the surrounding land in Paraguay (west) and Brazil (east).

Vegetation Index Around São Paulo, Brazil

23.5S 46.6W

February 16th, 2012 Category: Vegetation Index

Brazil - January 4th, 2012

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of southeastern Brazil. Visible near the image center is the city of São Paulo, the largest city in the southern hemisphere, and the world’s seventh largest city by population. The metropolis is anchor to the São Paulo metropolitan area, ranked as the second most populous metropolitan area in the Americas and among the five largest metropolitan areas on the planet. Here, this area appears bright yellow due to its poor vegetation index.

The rest of the image shows a generally good (green) to high (rusty red) index. particularly along the coastline southwest of São Paulo. Some areas of low activity can be seen dotted across the image; these are probably indicative of the presence of towns.

São Paulo, Largest City in Brazil – December 26th, 2011

23.5S 46.6W

December 26th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains

Brazil - December 24th, 2011

This FAPAR image focuses on the city of São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil. Also visible further up the coast in the full image is the city of Rio de Janeiro on the shores of Guanabara Bay.

São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil, in southeastern São Paulo State, approximately halfway between Curitiba and Rio de Janeiro. The city is located on a plateau located within the Serra do Mar (Portuguese for “Sea Range”), itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2,621 ft) above sea level, although being at a distance of only about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. Rolling terrain prevails within the urbanized areas of São Paulo except in the northern area of the city, where the Serra da Cantareira Range boasts higher elevations and a sizable remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest.

There are no large natural lakes in the region, but the Billings and Guarapiranga reservoirs in the southern outskirts of the city are used for power generation, water storage, and leisure activities. The original flora consisted mainly of a great variety of broadleaf evergreens. Today, non-native species are common, as the mild climate and abundant rainfall permit a multitude of tropical, subtropical and temperate plants to be cultivated, with eucalyptus being especially ubiquitous.

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