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Santiago de Chile West of Andes Mountains

33.4S 70.5W

February 3rd, 2012 Category: Mountains

Chile - January 9th, 2011

This orthorectified image shows the eastern part of Santiago, the capital city of Chile. The city lies in the center of the Santiago Basin, a large bowl-shaped valley consisting of a broad and fertile lands surrounded by mountains. The city has a varying elevation, with 400 m (1,312 ft) in the western areas and 540 m (1,772 ft) in the Plaza Baquedano.

It is flanked by the main chain of the Andes on the east and the Chilean Coastal Range on the west. On the north, it is bounded by the Cordón de Chacabuco, a mountain range of the Andes. During recent decades, urban growth has expanded the boundaries of the city to the east closer to the Andean Precordillera, as can be observed here. To the east stands the massive Ramon Sierra, a mountain chain formed in the foothills of the Precordillera due to the action of the fault Ramon, reaching 3296 metres at the Cerro de Ramon. 20 km further east is the Cordillera of the Andes with its mountain ranges and volcanoes, many of which exceed 6,000 m (19,685.04 ft) and in which some glaciers are maintained.

Ship Tracks off the Coast of Chile

38.8S 75.2W

October 21st, 2010 Category: Clouds

Argentina - October 12th, 2010

The two opaque white parallel lines of clouds cutting through the more through the translucent surrounding cloud cover are an atmospheric phenomenon known as ship tracks. Similar to airplane condensation trails, they form when water molecules gather around the exhaust released into the air by ships.

Parts of Chile and Argentina can be seen in the right half of the image. Although much of Chile is obscured by heavy cloud cover, some snow-capped ridges of the Andes Mountains can be observed, and the Argentine Patagonia terrain is cloud-free.

In related news about Chile, a 5.8-magnitude quake shook the central part of the country late on Wednesday, swaying buildings in the capital Santiago, but causing no damage, emergency officials said.

The quake’s epicenter was offshore in the Pacific Ocean 196 miles west-southwest of Santiago and at a depth of 4.2 miles (6.7), the U.S. Geological Survey said.

In February, Chile was struck by an 8.8-magnitude quake, one of the biggest in recorded history, killing more than 500 people and ravaging towns and industries in south-central Chile.

Santiago at the Foot of the Andes, Chile – June 20th, 2010

33.4S 70.5W

June 20th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Chile - June 6th, 2010

Chile - June 6th, 2010

Chile is located in southwestern South America. It has an area of 291,930 sq mi (756,096 sq km) and a population (2009 est.) of approximately 16,602,000. The capital is Santiago, visible at the foot of the Andes Mountains in the lower half of the image.

The very shape of Chile is distinctive, a multi-colored ribbon of land 4,300 kilometers (2,700 mi) long and on average 175 kilometers (109 mi) wide. Its climate varies, ranging from the world’s driest desert-the Atacama-in the north, through a Mediterranean climate in the center, to a rainy temperate climate in the south.

Devastating 8.8 Magnitude Earthquake Shakes Chile – March 1st, 2010

35.3S 72.4W

March 1st, 2010 Category: Earthquakes, Image of the day

Chile - February 28th, 2010

Chile - February 28th, 2010

Chile has begun to count the cost of its deadly earthquake as nations around the Pacific eased their fears of a devastating tsunami. The quake, which occurred on Saturday morning, killed at least 350 people – 90% of them in their homes. It is feared the damage may cost tens of billions of dollars.

The epicenter was offshore of Chile’s Maule Region, near the city of Concepción, about 325 km (200 miles) southwest of Santiago. However, the effects of the 8.8 magnitude quake were felt as far away as Sao Paulo, Brazil – a distance of about 2850 kilometers.

It is the largest earthquake to hit Chile in 50 years and the sixth strongest ever recorded – 100 times stronger than the one that hit Haiti in January.  Over 50 aftershocks have been recorded.

The epicenter of the quake was towards the center of this image; Santiago is located towards the top. Upon opening the full version, the majority of the Chilean coast can be observed, from the Atacama Desert in the North to Patagonia in the South.

The death toll looks set to rise, following reports that about 350 people died in the town of Constitución alone. Chilean President Michelle Bachelet said that two million people had been affected by the earthquake. Many Chileans in affected areas have spent the first night since the earthquake outdoors, afraid to stay inside.

Meanwhile fears of a devastating tsunami across the Pacific receded on Sunday. About 50 Pacific countries and territories had issued tsunami alerts, although on Sunday the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center lifted its Pacific-wide alert. Japan has maintained an alert, issuing evacuation orders for 320,000 people around the coast. However, it downgraded it from major to normal – meaning waves of two metres were expected rather than three. French Polynesia and Tahiti were among those hit by high waves, but no casualties have been reported.

Santiago, Cape Verde’s Largest Island

15.0N 23.6W

October 5th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Cape Verde - September 6th, 2009

Cape Verde - September 6th, 2009

Santiago is the largest island of Cape Verde, its most important agricultural centre and home to half the nation’s population and its capital city of Praia. Santiago is located between the islands of Maio (40 km to the east, visible in the full image) and Fogo (50 km to the west) and is one of the Sotavento islands.

Santiago is the largest island of Cape Verde, with an area of 991 km². The island is mountainous, as can be observed in this orthorectified image, although slightly flatter in the southeast. The wetter climate of the interior and the eastern coast contrasts with the dryer one in the south-southwest coast.

Praia, located in the southeast coast, is the largest city of the island, and also the capital and largest city of the country. Other towns on the island include Cidade Velha, 15 km west of Praia, Cape Verde’s first capital; Assomada, 60 km north and Tarrafal in the northern part of the island 75 km from the capital.