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Ojos del Salado Volcano and Cerro el Muerto Peak on Chile-Argentina Border – October 27th, 2009

27.1S 68.5W

October 27th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Volcanoes

Argentina and Chile - September 29th, 2009

Argentina and Chile - September 29th, 2009

Many volcanoes can be seen along the border of Chile (left) and Argentina (right) in the upper left quadrant of this orthorectified image. Of particular note are the volcano Ojos del Salado and the mountain Cerro el Muerto, near Laguna Verde, the greyish-looking body of water in that same quadrant.

Laguna Verde is a salt lake in the Andes Mountains of Chile. It lies in the Atacama Region, near San Francisco Pass, surrounded by high mountains. The volcano Ojos del Salado marks the south border of its basin.

Visible directly south of the lake is Cerro el Muerto (sometimes translated as “Death Mountain” or “The Dead One”), a mountain peak that is part of the Andes mountain range. It is also known as the 16th of the largest mountain peaks in the Argentine-Chilean border at 6488 m.

The closest neighboring mountain is Ojos del Salado, visible to the southwest on the edge of the image, a massive stratovolcano in the Andes on the Argentina-Chile border and the highest volcano in the world at 6891 m. It is also the second highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere and the highest in Chile. Its name comes from the enormous deposits of salt that, in the form of lagoons or “eyes”, appear in its glaciers

Due to its location near the Atacama desert, the mountain has very dry conditions with snow only remaining on the peak during winter. Despite the generally dry conditions, there is a permanent crater lake about 100 m in diameter at an elevation of 6390 m on the eastern side of Ojos del Salado. This is most likely the highest lake of any kind in the world.