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São Paolo and Rio de Janeiro in Southeastern Brazil

23.1S 44.2W

March 19th, 2012 Category: Snapshots

Brazil - December 24th, 2011

Brazil’s two largest cities, São Paolo and Rio de Janeiro, can be observed near the coast in this image of the southeastern part of the country. Rio de Janeiro is located across from the city of Niterói, both on the shores of Guanabara Bay.

São Paulo is the largest city in Brazil, the largest city in the southern hemisphere and America, and the world’s sixth largest city by population, as one might suppose from the expansive area it covers here, grey in contrast to the surrounding green landscape.

São Paulo, Largest City in Brazil – December 26th, 2011

23.5S 46.6W

December 26th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains

Brazil - December 24th, 2011

This FAPAR image focuses on the city of São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil. Also visible further up the coast in the full image is the city of Rio de Janeiro on the shores of Guanabara Bay.

São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil, in southeastern São Paulo State, approximately halfway between Curitiba and Rio de Janeiro. The city is located on a plateau located within the Serra do Mar (Portuguese for “Sea Range”), itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2,621 ft) above sea level, although being at a distance of only about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean. Rolling terrain prevails within the urbanized areas of São Paulo except in the northern area of the city, where the Serra da Cantareira Range boasts higher elevations and a sizable remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest.

There are no large natural lakes in the region, but the Billings and Guarapiranga reservoirs in the southern outskirts of the city are used for power generation, water storage, and leisure activities. The original flora consisted mainly of a great variety of broadleaf evergreens. Today, non-native species are common, as the mild climate and abundant rainfall permit a multitude of tropical, subtropical and temperate plants to be cultivated, with eucalyptus being especially ubiquitous.

Vegetation Index of Coastal Brazil Near Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo

23.5S 46.6W

December 25th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

Brazil - December 24th, 2011

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of southeastern Brazil. Visible along the coast are the cities of Rio de Janeiro, appearing as a bright yellow area on the shores of Guanabara Bay, and São Paulo, a large yellow area slightly inland from the coast in the lower left quadrant.

The vegetation index is mostly good (green) throughout the image. Some areas of high photosynthetic activity (rusty red) can be observed scattered throughout, with a larger concentration southwest of São Paulo.

Ilha Grande Off Coast of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil – December 20th, 2011

23.1S 44.2W

December 20th, 2011 Category: Image of the day

Brazil - December 19th, 2011

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows Ilha Grande, an island located off the coast of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, and part of the municipality of Angra dos Reis. The land area is 193 km² and the highest point is Pico da Pedra D’Água, at 1031 m.

Ilha Grande is one of the most pristine remnants of Brazil’s Atlantic rainforest, one of the richest ecosystems in the world, and a hotspot for biodiversity and conservation. It holds some of the largest remaining populations of many endangered species. The entire island is a protected area, with most of its territory included in Ilha Grande State Park.

Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi on the Shores of Guanabara Bay, Brazil – December 19th, 2011

22.9S 43.2W

December 19th, 2011 Category: Image of the day

Brazil - December 19th, 2011

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows the cities of Rio de Janeiro (left) and Niteroi (right) on the shores of Guanabara Bay. The large island in the upper part of the bay is Ilha do Governador.

Multiple ships and oil platforms can be seen in the bay and in the Atlantic Ocean near the bay’s entrance. Visible along the Atlantic shoreline southwest of the bay are famous beaches such as Copacabana and Ipanema.

Rio de Janeiro is the capital city of the State of Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city of Brazil, and the third largest metropolitan area and agglomeration in South America, boasting approximately 6.3 million people within the city proper, making it the 6th largest in the Americas, and 26th in the world.

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