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Posts tagged Rainforest

Vegetation Index of Luzon and Other Islands in Philippines Archipelago

October 3rd, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

Philippines - September 5th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of the Philippines, an archipelago of 7,107 islands with a total land area, including inland bodies of water, of approximately 300,000 square kilometers (116,000 square miles).

Luzon, the largest island in the Philippines (top left) has the highest vegetation index, particularly along the coastline. This is evidenced from the rusty red bands lining the shores. The high mountains in its center also have a good to high index (mottled green and red), as they are covered in a mixture of Luzon tropical pine forests and Luzon montane rain forests.

Mountains, Rainforest and Lake Junín in Peru

11S 76.1W

July 28th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains

Peru - July 4th, 2010

Peru - July 4th, 2010

Clouds flank the coast of Peru, covering the Pacific Ocean with a white veil. Moving inland, the terrain changes from arid and brown to fertile and green as one crosses the Andes Mountains and moves into the rainforest.

Visible at the center of the image is the dark blue Lake Junín, the largest lake entirely within Peru. (Even though Lake Titicaca has a much larger area, its eastern half is located in Bolivian territory). Lake Junín is located at approximately 4,082 m (13,393 ft) above sea level.

Congo River Flowing Past Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo – April 23rd, 2010

2.9S 25.9E

April 23rd, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Rivers

Democratic Republic of the Congo - March 5th, 2010

Democratic Republic of the Congo - March 5th, 2010

The muddy brown waters of the Congo River flow across this image of the lush rainforest of the Democratic Republic of  the Congo. The river (also known as the Zaire River) has an overall length of 4,700 km (2,920 mi).

At the top center, it passes by the town of Kindu, visible as a tan area on the banks of the river, the capital of Maniema province. It has a population of about 200,000 and is situated at an altitude of about 500 metres.

Vegetation Index of Brazilian State of Amazonas

2.5S 66W

April 15th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

Brazil - February 12th, 2010

Brazil - February 12th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows part of the Brazilian state of Amazonas, south of Venezuela. The state is named after the Amazon River and is almost entirely covered by the Amazon Rainforest. Here, the vegetation index becomes progressively higher as one moves westward, interpreted by the change in color from green to red.

Three types of terrain can be found in Amazonas: igapos – permanently flooded land where the roots of vegetation are always submerged; varzeas – higher than igapos, with land that is only submerged when rivers are at their highest during the wet season; and low plateau, which is higher still, and never submerged.

Vegetation Index and Deforestation in the Philippines

7.8N 124.8E

March 9th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

Philippines - March 5th, 2010

Philippines - March 5th, 2010

The Philippines is an archipelago of 7,107 islands bordering the Philippine Sea on the east, the South China Sea on the west, and the Celebes Sea on the south. Most of the mountainous islands are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin.

Although most the islands visible in this FAPAR image shows a good to high vegetation index (green to dark red), deforestation, often the result of illegal logging, is an acute problem in the Philippines. Forest cover declined from 70% of the country’s total land area in 1900 to about 18.3% in 1999.

Many species are endangered and scientists say that South East Asia, which the Philippines is part of, faces a catastrophic extinction rate of 20% by the end of the century.