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Posts tagged Poland

Vistula River Crossing Snowy Poland

54.3N 18.6E

February 15th, 2010 Category: Rivers

Poland - January 26th, 2010

Poland - January 26th, 2010

The landscape of northern Poland (lower half of image) as well as parts of southern Sweden (upper left), the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad Oblast (upper right quadrant) and Lithuania (north of the former) appears mostly covered in snow.

Parallel to the coastline, to the south, the Vistula can be seen crossing Poland’s territory. It is the longest and one of the most important rivers in Poland, at 1,047 km (651 miles) in length. The watershed area of the Vistula is 194,424 km² (75,067 square miles), of which 168,699 km² (65,135 sq. miles) lies within Poland (covering over half the area of the country).

The Vistula has its source at Barania Góra in the south of Poland, 1220 meters above sea level in the Silesian Beskids (western part of Carpathian Mountains). It then flows over the vast Polish plains, passing several large Polish cities along its way, and finally empties into the Vistula Lagoon or directly into the Gdańsk Bay of the Baltic Sea with a delta and several branches.

Big Chill and Snowfall Over Europe – January 11th, 2010

51.4N 2.1W

January 11th, 2010 Category: Image of the day

UK and France - January 8th, 2010

UK and France - January 8th, 2010

Closeup of UK - January 8th, 2010

Closeup of UK

Europe has been experiencing unusually cold weather since late December. The current big chill is a result of high pressure over the polar region, which has pushed cold air out of the Arctic towards much of northern Europe, parts of Asia and the US. Winds from the north and north east, rather than the south and south west, have brought freezing temperatures to the UK. Provisional Met Office figures for December show temperatures for much of the UK were 1.5C and 2.5C below the mean temperatures for the last 30 years. Scotland saw temperatures dip still lower – from 2.5C to 3.5C. Last week, temperatures in Scotland plunged to -22.3C in places.

The icy weather gripping parts of Europe has disrupted flights at airports in the UK, France, the Irish Republic and the Netherlands. Many flights were delayed or cancelled at Orly airport in Paris, Dublin airport and Amsterdam-Schiphol, as well as major UK airports. The main image shows the snow-covered terrain of the United Kingdom, Ireland, northern France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

The close-up focuses on the United Kingdom and Ireland. In southern England, some 4,000 people were left without electricity after snow brought down power lines. In the Irish Republic, all roads into Dublin are extremely icy and hundreds of Irish schools have closed, the Irish Times reports.

A Eurostar train was stuck for about two hours in the Channel Tunnel on Thursday. It later reached the UK. Four other Eurostar trains were cancelled, a company spokesman said. Last month the Eurostar service was suspended for three days after several trains broke down in the tunnel. Powdery snow getting into the engines was identified as the cause.

Many parts of Germany saw temperatures fall below -10C on Thursday, the Deutsche Welle news website reports. In Germany, at least nine homeless men aged from 42 to 62 froze to death. In the North Rhine-Westphalia region two derailments in as many days have caused havoc with the rail timetable, triggering cancellations and delays.

Icy roads have disrupted road freight deliveries to France’s Channel ports. Snow is blanketing a large swathe of France, reaching as far south as Bordeaux. Heavy snow caused big traffic jams around Amsterdam and Haarlem on Wednesday evening, Radio Netherlands reports. Few buses were running in the affected areas. In Austria, the authorities are on standby amid forecasts of heavy snow in the coming days in low-lying parts of the country. In Poland, the winter death toll has reached 122 – most of the victims reportedly homeless people. The cold snap is also affecting Scandinavian countries. In Hemavan, in the far north of Sweden, a new winter low of -40.8C (-41.4F) was recorded overnight, Radio Sweden reports.The Arctic freeze has also seen temperatures in central Sweden plummet to between -30 and -40C – the coldest weather since the mid-1980s. In Norway, temperatures plummeted to -40C in some areas. The capital Oslo ran a reduced bus service because engine oil had frozen.

The Jutland Peninsula, Denmark and Germany – September 26th, 2009

55.4N 11.7E

September 26th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers

Denmark - September 1st, 2009

Denmark - September 1st, 2009

Danish coast

Danish coast

Germany/Poland

Germany/Poland

Mainland Denmark and its islands occupy most of this mostly cloud-free image of northern Europe, with parts of northern Germany (below), northwestern Poland (lower right) and southern Sweden (top right) also visible.

The first close-up focuses on the Szczecin Lagoon in the Oder Estuary, on the border between Germany and Poland. It is separated from the Pomeranian Bay of the Baltic Sea by the islands of Usedom and Wolin.

Returning westward, Denmark consists of the peninsula of Jutland and 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand (Sjælland) and Funen (Fyn). The total coastline, including that of all the islands, is 7,314 kilometres (4,544 mi) long.

The second close-up focuses on the coast of the Jutland Peninsula, including the east and west coasts and the Danish and German territory. The Elbe River can be seen near the base of the peninsula, spilling greyish-brown sediments past the German city of Hamburg into the North Sea.

Baltic Coastline of Poland, Lithuania and Latvia

April 21st, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Baltic Coast - April 19th, 2009

Baltic Coast - April 19th, 2009

The Baltic coastline of Poland, Lithuania and Latvia (from bottom to top) is visible on the left side of this image. In the upper left quadrant, near Lativa, several condensation trails from airplanes can be seen over the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga.

The Polish Baltic coast is approximately 528 kilometres (328 mi) long, although only the eastern part of the coastline can be seen here. It extends from Świnoujście on the islands of Usedom and Wolin in the west to Krynica Morska on the Vistula Spit in the east.

For the most part, Poland has a smooth coastline, which has been shaped by the continual movement of sand by currents and winds from west to east. This continual erosion and deposition has formed cliffs, dunes, and spits, many of which have migrated landwards to close off former lagoons.

Moving northwards, Lithuania has around 99 kilometres (61.5 mi) of sandy coastline, of which only about 38 kilometres (24 mi) face the open Baltic Sea and which is the shortest among the Baltic Sea countries.

The rest of the coast is sheltered by the Curonian sand peninsula. Lithuania’s major warm-water port, Klaipėda, lies at the narrow mouth of the Curonian Lagoon, a shallow lagoon extending south to Kaliningrad.

Hungary’s Lake Balaton, Central and Eastern Europe

April 6th, 2009 Category: Lakes

Central and Eastern Europe - April 2nd, 2009

Central and Eastern Europe - April 2nd, 2009

Much of Central and Eastern Europe is visible here, including Germany (left), Poland (upper right), the Czech Republic (center), Slovakia (center right), Austria (lower left) and Hungary (lower right).

Standing out amidst the dark green and brown landscape, just east of the snow-capped Alps, is the bright green Lake Balaton.

Lake Balaton, located in Hungary, is the largest lake in Central Europe. Due to Hungary being landlocked, it is often affectionately called the “Hungarian Sea”.

The Zala River provides the largest inflow of water to the lake, and the canalized Sió is the only outflow.

With a surface area of 592 km² has a length of 77 km and a width ranging from 4 to 14 km. The lake’s surface is 104 m above sea level, and its depth varies up to 12.2 m (mean depth is 3.2 m).

Lake Balaton affects the local area precipitation per annum. The area receives approximately two to three inches (5-7 cm) more precipitation than most of Hungary, resulting in more cloudy days, and less extreme temperatures. The lake’s surface freezes during colder winters.