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Curitiba West of Bay of Paranaguá, Brazil

25.4S 49.2W

November 17th, 2011 Category: Snapshots

Brazil - November 13th, 2011

The city of Curitiba appears as a bright white area just left of the center of this orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image. Curitiba is the capital of the Brazilian state of Paraná, and the largest city with the biggest economy of both Paraná and southern Brazil.

The city sits on a plateau at 932 metres (3,058 ft) above sea level. It is located 105 kilometres (65 mi) west of the sea port of Paranaguá. The port can be observed as a small white area on the southern shores of the Bay of Paranaguá.

Another large bay, the Bay of Babitonga, can be observed to the south near the bottom edge. Situated at its entrance is São Francisco do Sul, a municipality in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. It covers an area of 493 km² (190 miles2).

Green Vegetation of Misiones Province, Argentina and Wildfire in Paraguay

25.8S 52.5W

March 31st, 2010 Category: Fires, Rivers

Argentina - March 5th, 2010

Argentina - March 5th, 2010

Misiones is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the northeastern corner of the country. It is surrounded by Paraguay to the northwest, Brazil to the north, east and south, and Corrientes Province of Argentina to the southwest.

Here, the land belonging to Misiones can be distinguished from Argentina’s other neighbors due to its dark green color. Across the border with Paraguay, a wildfire is visible releasing smoke to the south-southwest.

The Misiones Plateau includes a part of Brazil across the border. The rocks contain significant quantities of iron which forms a part of the soil, giving it a reddish color. At the center of the plateau rises the Sierra de Misiones, its highest peak, 843 m, near Bernardo de Irigoyen, in the Cerro Rincón.

The province is embraced by three big rivers including the Paraná, Uruguay and Iguazú. Iguazu Falls are spectacular waterfalls on the Iguazú River in the northwest corner of the province, near the city of Puerto Iguazú. Misiones shares the falls with the Brazilian state of Paraná.

The subtropical climate has no dry season, which makes Misiones one of the most humid provinces in Argentina. The vegetation is the so called “Selva Misionera”.

Vegetation Index Around Paraná River – February 17th, 2010

25.8S 52.5W

February 17th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Rivers, Vegetation Index

Brazil - January 26th, 2010

Brazil - January 26th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of South America around the Paraná River. Parts of southern Brazil, including the states of Mato Grosso do Sul (west of the river), São Paulo (east of the river, above) and Paraná (east of the river, middle) are visible, as well as some areas of Paraguay and Argentina near the triple border by the Iguazú falls.

The majority of the image shows a good to high vegetation index: green areas are indicative of good photosynthetic activity, and red areas are indicative of high activity. Yellow areas, of which there are few, indicate low activity.

Climate and Vegetation of Brazil’s South Region

25.4S 49.2W

June 8th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Brazil - June 2nd, 2009

Brazil - June 2nd, 2009

Brazil’s South Region includes the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, which are visible from north to south, although Rio Grande do Sul is mostly obscured by clouds.

The region is almost entirely subtropical, with hot to moderately hot temperatures in the summer, and mild (though cold for Brazilian standards) and very humid winters.

The exceptions are the northeast part of the region, which has a tropical climate, and the highlands, where some occasional light snow might fall. In the northeast, it is hot in the summer and warm to cool during the winter.

The vegetation consists of rainforests along the coast (Mata Atlântica), tropical semiciduous vegetation in the north and west (Araucárias) and prairie-like vegetation in the south (Pampas). Deforestation is a serious problem for the native vegetation.

The State of Paraná, Brazil

March 9th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Brazil - March 5th, 2009

Brazil - March 5th, 2009

Parts of the Brazilian states of Paraná and São Paulo are visible here. Their capital cities, Curitiba and São Paulo, respectively, are located near the coast. Both appear as tan areas amidst the dark green, a bit inland; Curitiba at the center right and São Paulo to the North at the far right.

The state of Paraná includes two geographic regions: a narrow coastal zone that that is home to the Serra do Mar coastal forests, and a high plateau (2500 to 3000 feet) whose precipitous, deeply eroded eastern escarpments are known as the Serra do Mar or Serra do Cubatão.

The southern and central portions of the state are covered by the Araucaria moist forests, one of the most important subtropical forests of the world, and have large tracts of yerba mate, a plant used to make tea.

The plateau slopes westward to the Paraná River, upper left quadrant, which marks the state’s western boundary. Here, the plateau is well watered and moderately fertile, and has a remarkably uniform climate of a mild temperate character.

Finally, the lower western and northern portions of the state are covered by the Paraná-Paraíba interior forests ecoregion.