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Posts tagged Orkney Islands

Kirkwall in the Orkney Islands, Scotland

58.9N 2.9W

November 28th, 2011 Category: Snapshots

United Kingdom - November 8th, 2011

This orthorectified image shows some of the Orkney Islands, an archipelago in northern Scotland, situated 16 kilometres (10 mi) north of the coast of Caithness. Orkney comprises approximately 70 islands of which 20 are inhabited.

The largest island, known as the “Mainland” (partially visible along the left edge in the lower left quadrant) has an area of 523.25 square kilometres (202.03 sq mi) making it the sixth largest Scottish island and the tenth-largest island in the British Isles. The largest settlement and administrative centre is Kirkwall, visible as a bright white area in the lower left quadrant.

The islands are mainly low-lying except for some sharply rising sandstone hills on Hoy, Mainland and Rousay and rugged cliffs on some western coasts. Nearly all of the islands have lochs, but the watercourses are merely streams draining the high land. The coastlines are indented, and the islands themselves are divided from each other by straits generally called “sounds” or “firths”.

Scottish Highlands and Islands, United Kingdom – May 22nd, 2009

57.8N 4.9W

May 22nd, 2009 Category: Image of the day

Scottish Highlands - May 11th, 2009

Scottish Highlands - May 11th, 2009

The Highlands and Islands  of Scotland lie to the north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault, which runs from Arran to Stonehaven.

The Highlands are generally mountainous and the highest elevations in the British Isles are found here.

This part of Scotland largely comprises ancient rocks from the Cambrian and Precambrian, interspersed with igneous intrusions of a more recent age, the remnants of which have formed mountain massifs such as the Cairngorms and Skye Cuillins.

There are numerous bodies of freshwater including Loch Lomond and Loch Ness (just above the center, along the line of the Great Glen).

Some parts of the coastline consist of machair, a low lying dune pasture land.

Scotland also has over 790 islands, divided into four main groups: Shetland, Orkney, and the Inner Hebrides and Outer Hebrides (center to upper left).