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Rengali and Hirakud Reservoirs in Orissa, India

21.6N 84.0E

December 5th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Rivers

India - November 26th, 2011

Two large artificial reservoirs can be observed in this image of the state of Orissa, India: the Rengali Reservoir, appearing golden green, to the right, and the Hirakud Reservoir, darker blue in color, to the left.

The Rengali Reservoir was created by the Rengali Dam across Brahmani River in near the village of Rengali. The dam is 70.5 m tall and 1040 m wide. The reservoir formed by the dam is the second largest reservoir in Orissa with 37, 840 hectares at full level and 28,000 hectares in mean level.

The Hirakud Reservoir was created by the Hirakud Dam, built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur. The 55km long reservoir holds 743 km2 (287 sq mi) at full capacity, with a shoreline of over 639 km (397 mi).

Rivers and Lakes in Orissa, India

20.9N 85.0E

October 8th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Rivers

India - October 3rd, 2011

This wide-swath ASAR image shows rivers and lakes in the state of Orissa, India. The most prominent river is the Mahanadi (Brahmani). The Hirakud Reservoir can be observed by the center left edge, with the Rengali Reservoir to the east.

Visible near the center of the bottom edge is Chilka Lake, a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Orissa state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.

Eastern Ghats and Chilka Lake, in India’s Orissa State

19.7N 85.3E

February 26th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

India - January 26th, 2010

India - January 26th, 2010

The brown mountains visible just inland of India’s eastern coast are part of the Eastern Ghats, which run from West Bengal state in the north, through Orissa and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south. Most of the mountains visible here are in the state of Orissa (Odisha). Deomali at 1672 m is the highest point of the state.

Also near the coast, in the upper right quadrant, is Chilka Lake (Chilika Lake), a brackish water lagoon. It is spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Orissa state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.

Central-Eastern India as Seen by FAPAR

19.0N 83.5E

February 15th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

India - January 26th, 2010

India - January 26th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of central-eastern India, including parts of the states of Chhattisgarh (upper left), Orissa (also called Odisha, upper right) and Andhra Pradesh (lower left). Most of the land ranges from a low index of photosynthetic activity (yellow) to a good index (green).

Some areas of high activity (red) can be observed in the upper left quadrant and by the coast towards the bottom edge. Most of these areas are in protected areas of forest, national parks and/or wildlife sanctuaries.

Eastern Ghats Parallel to Bay of Bengal in Central-Eastern India

18.7N 82.6E

February 8th, 2010 Category: Mountains, Rivers

India - January 26th, 2010

India - January 26th, 2010

The dark brown area parallel to the coast in this image of central-eastern India is part of the Eastern Ghats, a discontinuous range of mountains along India’s eastern coast.

The Eastern Ghats run from West Bengal state in the north, through Orissa (Odisha) and Andhra Pradesh (both visible here) to Tamil Nadu in the south. The mountain ranges run parallel to the Bay of Bengal.

The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. The coastal plains lies between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal.

A range of low hills lie between the Krishna River (furthest south, near bottom) and the Godavari River (just up the coast from the former), but north of the Godavari the Eastern Ghats increase again in height, forming the boundary between Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.

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