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Hurricane Sandy (18L) Damage Report; Remnants Still Visible Over Eastern USA – November 1st, 2012

39.2N 80.2W

November 1st, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Tropical Cyclones

Hurricane Sandy (18L) – October 31st, 2012

The remnants of Hurricane Sandy (18L) can be observed over the USA in this image, stretching from the south to the northeast to the midwest. Many states were impacted by the storms.

High winds and waves washed sand onto coastal roads in southeastern Florida. The storm left power outages across the region. North Carolina was spared from major damage through the late evening hours of October 28, though winds, rain, and inland snow could affect the state through October 30. Several highways were flooded, and a state of emergency was declared in 24 western counties due to snow and strong winds.

On October 29, snow was falling in parts of the state of Virginia. Virginia was awarded a federal disaster declaration. At Sandy’s peak, 200,000 customers were without power, and in Northern Virginia where most of the outages occurred 92,000 customers were still without power on 30 October; the local utility intended to restore full service by 1 November.

West Virginia was also declared a federal disaster area, due to abnormally heavy snowfall. In Kentucky, the most impacted area was the Eastern region of the state where as much as eight inches of snow fell as Sandy merged with a cold front.

In Maryland, at least 100 feet of a fishing pier at the beach resort of Ocean City was destroyed. Several bridges were closed, and I-68 in far western Maryland and northern West Virginia closed due to impassable roads from heavy snow. Multiple vehicles are stranded on the interstate and the National Guard was sent out to help. Workers in Howard County, Maryland tried to stop a sewage overflow caused by a power outage October 30. Raw sewage spilled at a rate of 2 million gallons per hour. It was unclear how much sewage had flowed into the Little Patuxent River.

In Delaware, which was also declared a federal disaster area, rainfall at Rehoboth Beach totaled 6.53 inches inches by early afternoon, with nearly 7 inches at Indian River Inlet and more than 4 inches in Dover and Bear. At 4 p.m., Delmarva Power reported on its website that more than 13,900 customers in Delaware and Maryland’s Eastern Shore had lost electric service as high winds brought down trees and power lines. Delaware Route 1 is now closed by flooding from Dewey Beach to Fenwick Island.

In New Jersey, a 50-foot piece of the Atlantic City Boardwalk washed away. Half the city of Hoboken is flooded. In the early morning of October 30, authorities in Bergen County, New Jersey, are evacuating residents after a berm overflowed and flooded several communities. Police Chief of Staff Jeanne Baratta says there are up to 5 feet of water in the streets of Moonachie and Little Ferry.

In Pennsylvania, several bridges and highways were closed, and more than 1.2 million were left without power as a result of the storm. Storm impacts in Upstate New York were much more limited than in New York City; there was some flooding and a few downed trees. Large portions of the Manhattan borough of New York City were without electricity. The East River over flowed its banks, flooding large sections of Lower Manhattan. Battery Park had a water surge of 13.88 ft. Seven subway tunnels under the East River were flooded as of October 30. Sea water flooded the Ground Zero construction site.

Over 385,000 customers in Massachusetts were without power as of the afternoon of October 29, and flooding of roadways and buildings was reported. In New Hampshire, over 200,000 customers were without power as of late Monday, October 29. In Rhode Island, over 100,000 customers lost power during the storm. In Ohio, on October 30, at least 247,000 in northeast Ohio were without power, mostly in the Cleveland area. In Michigan, more than 120,000 customers were without power at one point, but as of 9 p.m. Tuesday, only 45,000 are still without power. The National Weather Service said that waves up to 23 feet high were reported on southern Lake Huron.

Sediments Clouding Lake Erie, Canada and USA – November 28th, 2009

42.0N 81.3W

November 28th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers

USA - November 8th, 2009

USA - November 8th, 2009

The waters of Lake Erie (below) are clouded by tan sediments, particularly along the upper shoreline to the left, while those of Lake Ontario (above) are much clearer with the exception of a small stretch along the southern shore.

Lake Erie is the fourth largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America. It is the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume of the Great Lakes, and therefore also has the shortest average water residence time. Lake Erie drains via the Niagara River and Niagara Falls into Lake Ontario.

It is bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario, on the south by the U.S. states of Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York, and on the west by the state of Michigan.

Shorelines of the Great Lakes, USA and Canada – April 17th, 2009

April 17th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Great Lakes, USA and Canada - April 9th, 2009

Great Lakes, USA and Canada - April 9th, 2009

Close-up of Lake Erie

Close-up of Lake Erie

Close-up of Lake Michigan

Close-up of Lake Michigan

The Laurentian Great Lakes are a chain of freshwater lakes located in eastern North America, on the Canada – United States border. Consisting of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario (from left to right), they form the largest group of freshwater lakes on Earth.

The lakes are bound by the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, New York, Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Four of the five lakes form part of the Canada-United States border; the fifth, Lake Michigan, is contained entirely within the United States.

The Saint Lawrence River, which marks the same international border for a portion of its course, is the primary outlet of these interconnected lakes, and flows through Quebec and past the Gaspé Peninsula to the northern Atlantic Ocean.

Close-up of upper Lake Huron

Close-up of upper Lake Huron

Close-up of lower Lake Huron

Close-up of lower Lake Huron

These images were captured in early spring, after warmer temperatures had thawed much of the ice that frequently covers the lakes in winter. However, as can be observed in the close-ups, a patch of ice is still visible at the northernmost tip of Lake Erie, and in the marshy areas along the northern shores of Lake Huron.

Lake Erie has a substantial amont of greenish-yellow sediments clouding its waters from shore to shore. Lake Huron and Lake Michigan also have some sediments, though these are limited to their southern coastlines.

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