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Posts tagged Odisha

Eastern Ghats and Chilka Lake, in India’s Orissa State

19.7N 85.3E

February 26th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

India - January 26th, 2010

India - January 26th, 2010

The brown mountains visible just inland of India’s eastern coast are part of the Eastern Ghats, which run from West Bengal state in the north, through Orissa and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south. Most of the mountains visible here are in the state of Orissa (Odisha). Deomali at 1672 m is the highest point of the state.

Also near the coast, in the upper right quadrant, is Chilka Lake (Chilika Lake), a brackish water lagoon. It is spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Orissa state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.

Central-Eastern India as Seen by FAPAR

19.0N 83.5E

February 15th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

India - January 26th, 2010

India - January 26th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of central-eastern India, including parts of the states of Chhattisgarh (upper left), Orissa (also called Odisha, upper right) and Andhra Pradesh (lower left). Most of the land ranges from a low index of photosynthetic activity (yellow) to a good index (green).

Some areas of high activity (red) can be observed in the upper left quadrant and by the coast towards the bottom edge. Most of these areas are in protected areas of forest, national parks and/or wildlife sanctuaries.

Eastern Ghats Parallel to Bay of Bengal in Central-Eastern India

18.7N 82.6E

February 8th, 2010 Category: Mountains, Rivers

India - January 26th, 2010

India - January 26th, 2010

The dark brown area parallel to the coast in this image of central-eastern India is part of the Eastern Ghats, a discontinuous range of mountains along India’s eastern coast.

The Eastern Ghats run from West Bengal state in the north, through Orissa (Odisha) and Andhra Pradesh (both visible here) to Tamil Nadu in the south. The mountain ranges run parallel to the Bay of Bengal.

The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. The coastal plains lies between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal.

A range of low hills lie between the Krishna River (furthest south, near bottom) and the Godavari River (just up the coast from the former), but north of the Godavari the Eastern Ghats increase again in height, forming the boundary between Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.

Vegetation Index of Eastern India

16.5N 81.5E

February 4th, 2010 Category: Rivers, Vegetation Index

India - January 7th, 2010

India - January 7th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the landscape of eastern India, including the states of Chhattisgarh (upper left), Orissa (upper right) and Andhra Pradesh (lower left). Much of the area is green, indicating good levels of photosynthetic activity, although interspersed with yellow zones of lesser activity. Most of the zones of high activity (red) are located in Chhattisgarh.

Chhattisgarh it is situated in central eastern part of the country. The north and south parts of the state are hilly, while the central part is a fertile plain. Forests cover roughly forty-four percent of the state.

Orissa, or Odisha, has a relatively unindented coastline. The narrow, level coastal strip, including the Mahanadi River Delta (visible towards the top right of the full image) supports the bulk of the population. The interior of the state is mountainous and sparsely populated.

Andhra Pradesh is historically called the “Rice Bowl of India”, as more than 77% of its crop is rice. Two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna run across the state. The small enclave (12 sq mi (30 kmĀ²)) of the Yanam district of Puducherry (Pondicherry) state lies in the Godavari Delta in north-east of the state (visible along the coast near the bottom of the image, with the Krisha River Delta also visible just below it).

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