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Posts tagged Norway

Climate Change’s Mixed Effects in Northern Europe

66.7N 29.7E

June 4th, 2013 Category: Climate Change AVHRRMetOp

Northern Europe – June 1st, 2013

This image focuses on northern Europe, including parts of Finland, Norway, Sweden, northwestern Russia and Estonia. In northern Europe, climate change is initially projected to bring mixed effects, including some benefits such as reduced demand for heating, increased crop yields, and increased forest growth. However, as climate change continues, negative impacts are likely to outweigh benefits. These include more frequent winter floods, endangered ecosystems, and increasing ground instability (click here for more information).

Climate Change in Northern Europe

67.2N 27.6E

June 2nd, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Vegetation Index

Northern Europe – June 1st, 2013

Higher than average temperatures have been observed across Europe as well as decreasing precipitation in southern regions and increasing precipitation in northern Europe. Extreme weather events such as heat waves, floods and droughts have caused rising damage costs across Europe in recent years.

While precipitation is decreasing in southern regions, it is increasing in northern Europe, and these trends are projected to continue. Climate change is projected to increase river flooding, particularly in northern Europe, as higher temperatures intensify the water cycle.

Many studies have measured widespread changes in plant and animal characteristics. For example, plants are flowering earlier in the year. Here, the vegetation index is stronger (dark green) to the south, and weaker (yellow) near the northern coastline, although it is mostly good throughout the image.

In freshwater, phytoplankton and zooplankton blooms are also appearing earlier. Other animals and plants are moving northward or uphill as their habitats warm. Since the migration rate of many species is insufficient to keep pace with the speed of climate change, they could be pushed towards extinction in the future.

Climate Change in the Arctic Region

70.4N 24.1E

May 23rd, 2013 Category: Climate Change

Sweden, Norway, Finland – May 23rd, 2013

The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment hass determined that climate change in the world’s Arctic areas is proceeding at a rate that is nearly double the rate of change at a global scale, affecting countries such as Sweden, Norway and Finland. Climate change will increase sea surface temperatures and reduce the extent and thickness of sea ice in Arctic regions. These changes are expected to affect the movement, growth, habitat and reproduction of key commercial fish species. The agricultural sector is also at risk (click here for more information).

Climate Change Leading to Darkening of Norway’s Fjords

60.3N 4.2E

February 8th, 2013 Category: Climate Change

Norway – January 22nd, 2013

Numerous fjords can be seen along the western coast of Norway in this image. New research has suggested that the waters of Norway’s fjords and coasts are becoming darker as a result of climate change. The darkening is primarily being caused by the increasing levels of organic compounds in the waters, brought to the coasts via regional rivers and lake drainage.

This darker water has been resulting in fewer marine areas with fish, and more with jellyfish. The jellyfish benefit from the darker waters, while the fish have a harder time competing with them because of the increased darkness.

According to University of Bergen marine biologist, Dag L. Aksnes, the process has probably been occurring over many decades. And there is clear evidence that recent changes in weather patterns and in the climate are accelerating it (click here to read more).

Phytoplankton Bloom Along Norwegian and Russian Coasts

69.4N 32.9E

September 17th, 2012 Category: Phytoplankton

Russia – August 31st, 2012

The brighter, green and blue swirls in the otherwise dark waters of the Barents Sea indicate the presence of a large phytoplankton bloom off the coast of Norway and Russia (click here for previous images). The bright blue color may indicate a coccolithophore bloom.