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Posts tagged Northern Ireland

Climate Change and Rainfall in Ireland

53.0N 9.1W

April 6th, 2013 Category: Climate Change

Ireland – April 3rd, 2013

This image focuses on the Republic of Ireland and the country of Northern Ireland (UK). Like much of the planet, Irish weather conditions have undergone significant changes in recent years. Of the fifteen warmest years on record in Ireland, ten of these have occured since 1990. The average temperature has increased by 0.7 ºC during the period 1890-2004. It continues to rise.

There is also a general trend of significant increase of rainfall in Ireland along the north and west coasts, and only slight increases along the east and south coasts. Here, sediments can be seen in the Irish Sea, off the east coast of the country. In some cases, there has even been a decrease in rainfall. Increased rainfall may result in more seasonal flooding.

Rising sea levels are also of concern for Ireland , as waters have been rising by 2 – 4mm each year. If this trend continues, the sea level will have risen to 0.2 – 0.4m by the end of this century. Approximately 60% of the population are living within 10km of the coast. Areas of soft coastline, especially in the east, are under severe threat from erosion and flooding.

These changes, bringing the milder winters and warmer summers we have been experiencing in recent years, may be appreciated, but the impact in some parts of the world has been much more devastating. If climate change continues at such a high rate, Ireland is likely to be affected by the following: air temperature will rise by 1.5-2 degrees by 2080; rainfall will increase in winter and decrease in summer; sea temperatures may rise by 2 degrees by the end of the century, causing intense, agressive storms; flooding and erosion from extreme weather conditions; and altered agricultural practices, especially crop growing, to cope with weather changes (click here for more information).

Scottish Highlands and Northern Ireland’s Lough Neagh

57.0N 5.4W

November 27th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Mountains

United Kingdom - November 22nd, 2011

This rare cloud-free image gives us a view of Scotland (right) and Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland (left), separated by the North Channel or Strait of Moyle.

The dark brown, mountainous area occupying much of the area of Scotland visible here is the Scottish Highlands. The area is very sparsely populated, with many mountain ranges dominating the region, and includes the highest mountain in the British Isles, Ben Nevis. The Great Glen divides the Grampian Mountains to the southeast from the Northwest Highlands.

To the southwest, Lough Neagh, a large freshwater lake, can be observed in Northern Ireland. With an area of 392 square kilometres (151 sq mi), it is the largest lake in the British Isles and ranks among the forty largest lakes of Europe. Located twenty miles (30 km) to the west of Belfast, it is approximately twenty miles (30 km) long and nine miles (15 km) wide. It is very shallow around the margins and the average depth in the main body of the lake is about 9 m (30 ft); although at its deepest the lough is about 25 metres (80 ft) deep.

Vegetation Index of United Kingdom and Ireland

53.2N 2.3W

November 12th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

UK and Ireland - November 12th, 2011

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of the United Kingdom and Ireland, in northern Europe. England, Scotland and Wales are separated from Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland by the Irish Sea.

The index is generally good (green) throughout, although some areas of low activity (yellow) can be seen in southern Ireland and in Scotland (upon opening the full image). Patches of high activity (rusty red) are sparse.

Derryveagh Mountains and Lough Foyle, Ireland

54.9N 7.3W

March 3rd, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

Ireland - February 21st, 2010

Ireland - February 21st, 2010

The Derryveagh Mountains, visible towards the center left in this orthorectified image, are the major mountain range in County Donegal, Ireland. They make up much of the landmass of Donegal, and are the area of Ireland with the lowest population density. They separate the coastal parts of Donegal such as Gweedore and Glenties from the inland centres such as Ballybofey and Letterkenny.

To the right, the River Foyle can be seen near the border between Ireland (west) and Northern Ireland, UK (east) as it flows past the city of Londonderry (Derry) and into Lough Foyle. Lough Foyle is the name given to the estuary of the River Foyle in Ulster. It starts where the Foyle leaves Londonderry. It separates the Inishowen Peninsula in County Donegal from Northern Ireland.

Coastlines of United Kingdom and Ireland

54.9N 3.5W

July 9th, 2009 Category: Rivers, Snapshots

United Kingdom and Ireland - June 24th, 2009

United Kingdom and Ireland - June 24th, 2009

This image of the United Kingdom and Ireland is mostly clear, with only a dense area of clouds over southern Scotland and some patchy clouds hanging over the Republic of Ireland and southern England.

Along the coast, much of the water is tinted a soft greenish color from tan and green sediments spilling out of rivermouths, such as that of the River Severn (below).

However, one area off the coast between Scotland’s Outer Hebrides Archipelago and Northern Ireland (upper left quadrant) is bluish green not cue to sediments, but to a phytoplankton bloom.