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Posts tagged Nile River

Nile Delta, Egypt, Threatened by Global Warming – March 21st, 2013

30.0N 31.2E

March 21st, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers

Egypt – March 20th, 2013

Millions of Egyptians could be forced permanently from their homes, the country’s ability to feed itself devastated. That’s what likely awaits this already impoverished and overpopulated nation by the end of the century, if predictions about climate change hold true. The World Bank describes Egypt as particularly vulnerable to the effects of global warming, saying it faces potentially “catastrophic” consequences.

A big reason is the vulnerability of Egypt’s breadbasket — the Nile Delta, a fan-shaped area of rich, arable land where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. Although the Delta makes up only 2.5% of Egypt’s land mass, it is home to more than a third of this largely desert country’s 80 million people.

The Delta was already in danger, threatened by the side effects of southern Egypt’s Aswan Dam (the main reservoir created by the dam, Lake Nasser, is visible by the bottom of the full image). Though the dam, completed in 1970, generates much-needed electricity and controls Nile River flooding, it also keeps nutrient sediment from replenishing the eroding Delta. Here, some sediment can be seen along the delta coast.

Add climate change to the mix, and the Delta faces new uncertainties that could have a potentially more devastating effect on Egypt. Scientists generally predict that the Mediterranean, and the world’s other seas, will rise between one foot (30 centimeters) and 3.3 feet (one meter) by the end of the century, flooding coastal areas along the Delta.

A rise of 3.3 feet (one meter) would flood a quarter of the Delta, forcing about 10.5% of Egypt’s population from their homes, according to the World Bank. The impact would be all the more staggering if Egypt’s population, as expected, doubles to about 160 million by the middle of the century. The Delta is already densely packed with about 4,000 people per square mile (2.6 square kilometer). Also hit would be Egypt’s food supply. Nearly half of Egypt’s crops, including wheat, bananas and rice, are grown in the Delta (click here for more information).


Dust West of Nile Delta, Egypt

31.3N 27.9E

February 7th, 2013 Category: Dust Storms, Rivers

Egypt – January 26th, 2013

Dust blows off the coast of Egypt, west of the Nile Delta, and over the Mediterranean Sea. Some haze is also visible over the delta itself, although it is unclear whether this is due to smoke from agricultural fires in the vegetated delta region or from dust blowing over that area as well.

Haze Over Eastern Mediterranean from Egypt to Israel/Palestine Shoreline

31.0N 32.5E

January 25th, 2013 Category: Clouds, Rivers

Egypt – January 17th, 2013

A cloud of smoky haze hangs over the eastern Mediterranean Sea, from the edge of the Nile Delta and Suez Canal, in Egypt, past the coastline of the Sinai Peninsula, to the shores of Israel/Palestine. Inland, a stark contrast can be observed between the green of the Nile Delta and Nile River Valley, as well as the Faiyum Oasis (lower left), and the mostly desert terrain flanking the river and on the peninsula.

Haze Over Nile River Valley and Delta, Egypt

30.0N 31.2E

January 6th, 2013 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Egypt – January 3rd, 2013

Haze, possibly caused by fires, hangs over the Nile River Valley, Faiyum Oasis and the southern part of the Nile Delta. The city of Cairo, normally visible at the base of the delta, is completely obscured by the haze. Visible, however, are the Suez Canal, east of the delta, and Lake Moeris, on the northwestern edge of the Faiyum Oasis.

Plume of Dust Across Ethiopia and Sudan

14.7N 35.7E

December 27th, 2012 Category: Dust Storms

Ethiopia and Sudan – December 25th, 2012

Visible in the lower right hand corner of this image is Lake Tana, located in Amhara Region in the north-western Ethiopian Highlands. The lake is approximately 84 kilometers long and 66 kilometers wide, with a maximum depth of 15 meters, and an elevation of 1,840 meters. Near the lake is a plume of dust blowing towards the northwest, almost reaching the Nile River, which flows northward across Sudan on the left side of the image.