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Posts tagged Nile Delta

Thick Dust Plume West of Nile Delta, Egypt

30.0N 31.2E

April 8th, 2013 Category: Dust Storms, Rivers

Egypt – April 7th, 2013

A thick plume of dust blows across Egypt and over the Mediterranean Sea, passing just west of the fertile Nile River Delta. Dust storms are common in this region, as Egypt lies within a broad band of dust-producing terrain: outside of the Nile River Valley, Egypt’s land surface has very little arable land and is a vast desert plateau rich in Saharan sand.

Dust Framing Eastern Shore of Mediterraean Sea

34.3N 33.0E

April 2nd, 2013 Category: Dust Storms

Eastern Mediterranean – April 1st, 2013

While the end of March saw a large dust storm blowing off the coast of Libya and over the Mediterranean (click here for previous image), the beginning of April saw a different thick dust plume covering the Mediterranean, this type from Egypt. Here, the dust can be seen blowing over the eastern part of the Nile Delta and the Sinai Peninsula before following the curve of the eastern shore of the Mediterranean, by countries such as Israel, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey, before being pushed back towards Egypt once again.

Dust Over Sinai Peninsula and Nile Delta, Egypt

30.7N 32.5E

April 1st, 2013 Category: Dust Storms

Egypt – April 1st, 2013

A thick plume of dust blows across Egypt, covering much of the Nile River Delta, as well as the Suez Canal and most of the Sinai Peninsula, before arching far northwards over the Mediterranean Sea. Air currents then curve the dust plume back southward towards the fertile delta region.

Dust Storm Over Nile Delta, Egypt

30.0N 31.2E

March 26th, 2013 Category: Dust Storms

Egypt – March 26th, 2013

A dust storm is affecting Egypt, blowing across the Fayum Oasis, near the left bank of the Nile River, and obscuring much of the Nile River Delta. With the exception of the Nile River Valley, Egypt’s land surface is a vast desert plateau covered in the sands of the Sahara Desert. Less than 3 percent of the country’s land is suitable for agriculture, and less than 1 percent is able to support permanent crops.

Nile Delta, Egypt, Threatened by Global Warming – March 21st, 2013

30.0N 31.2E

March 21st, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers

Egypt – March 20th, 2013

Millions of Egyptians could be forced permanently from their homes, the country’s ability to feed itself devastated. That’s what likely awaits this already impoverished and overpopulated nation by the end of the century, if predictions about climate change hold true. The World Bank describes Egypt as particularly vulnerable to the effects of global warming, saying it faces potentially “catastrophic” consequences.

A big reason is the vulnerability of Egypt’s breadbasket — the Nile Delta, a fan-shaped area of rich, arable land where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. Although the Delta makes up only 2.5% of Egypt’s land mass, it is home to more than a third of this largely desert country’s 80 million people.

The Delta was already in danger, threatened by the side effects of southern Egypt’s Aswan Dam (the main reservoir created by the dam, Lake Nasser, is visible by the bottom of the full image). Though the dam, completed in 1970, generates much-needed electricity and controls Nile River flooding, it also keeps nutrient sediment from replenishing the eroding Delta. Here, some sediment can be seen along the delta coast.

Add climate change to the mix, and the Delta faces new uncertainties that could have a potentially more devastating effect on Egypt. Scientists generally predict that the Mediterranean, and the world’s other seas, will rise between one foot (30 centimeters) and 3.3 feet (one meter) by the end of the century, flooding coastal areas along the Delta.

A rise of 3.3 feet (one meter) would flood a quarter of the Delta, forcing about 10.5% of Egypt’s population from their homes, according to the World Bank. The impact would be all the more staggering if Egypt’s population, as expected, doubles to about 160 million by the middle of the century. The Delta is already densely packed with about 4,000 people per square mile (2.6 square kilometer). Also hit would be Egypt’s food supply. Nearly half of Egypt’s crops, including wheat, bananas and rice, are grown in the Delta (click here for more information).