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Posts tagged New Delhi

India Shows Good Vegetation Index Along Coasts

17.1N 76.1E

February 9th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

India - February 1st, 2011

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of India in winter. The central part of the country shows a low index, light yellow in color. Photosynthetic activity becomes higher as one moves closer to the coasts; the green color indicates a good index.

In the full image, some areas of high activity (rusty red) can be observed in the Gangetic Plain to the north, particularly west of New Delhi.

Vegetation Index of Northern India and Nepal

29.5N 80.4E

April 22nd, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

India - March 5th, 2010

India - March 5th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of northern India and Nepal (upper right quadrant), by the Himalayas. The river-crossed land just below the mountains shows the highest photosynthetic activity, indicated by its green color.

Areas such as the Tibetan Plateau in China to the north and the plains to the south, however, appear to have a low rate of photosynthetic activity, judging from their whitish yellow color. The city of New Delhi also stands out as a light yellow circular area with little to no vegetation.

New Delhi South of the Himalayas, India

28.6N 77.2E

March 31st, 2010 Category: Mountains

India - March 5th, 2010

India - March 5th, 2010

New Delhi, identifiable here as a greyish-tan patch south of the Himalayas and just below the image center, is the capital of India. It is situated within the metropolis of Delhi and serves as the seat of the Government of India and the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi.

With a total area of 42.7 km2, New Delhi forms a small part of the Delhi metropolitan area and is located on the Indo-Gangetic Plain, because of which there is little difference in the city’s altitude. The second feature is the Yamuna floodplains; New Delhi lies west of the Yamuna River, although for the most part, New Delhi is a landlocked city.

Vegetation Index of the Gangetic Plain, South of the Himalayas, India

February 24th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

India - February 20th, 2010

India - February 20th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of northern India, just below the Himalayas. A band of terrain at the foot of the mountains shows a good to high index (green to red), while the land to the South shows a lower index (yellow).

In the midst of that green and red band is a whitish-yellow patch: the city of New Delhi. The land to the West of the city, in the state of Haryana, shows a higher index (red) than the land to the East (green), in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. The altitude of Haryana varies between 700 to 3600 ft (200 metres to 1200 metres) above sea level. An area of 1,553 km2 is covered by forest. Haryana has four main geographical features: the Yamuna-Ghaggar plain forming the largest part of the state, the Shivalik Hills to the northeast, semi-desert sandy plain to the southwest and the Aravalli Range in the south.

Uttar Pradesh shares an international border with Nepal and is bounded by seven Indian states. Uttar Pradesh has 12.8% land under forest cover now. In spite of alarming deforestation and poaching of wild life, a diverse flora and fauna exists. It can be divided into two distinct hypsographical regions: the larger Gangetic Plain region in the north, and the smaller Vindhya Hills and Plateau Region in the south.

The former includes the Ganga-Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghra plains, the Ganga plains and the Terai. It has highly fertile alluvial soils and flat topography – (slope 2 m/km) – broken by numerous ponds, lakes and rivers. The Vindhya Hills and Plateau region it is characterised by hard rock strata and varied topography of hills, plains, valleys and plateau; limited availability of water makes the region relatively arid.