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Posts tagged Myanmar

Smoky Haze Over Myanmar and China

25.1N 98.3E

April 19th, 2013 Category: Fires

Myanmar and China – April 19th, 2013

A cloud of smoke and haze hangs over northern Myanmar and southeastern China. In the full image, square markers indicate the exact locations of many of the fires contributing to the haze. Although the cause cannot be discerned through the imagery, fires in this region at this time of year are often set by farmers wishing to clear fields for planting.

Thick Haze from Agricultural Fires in Thailand

18.4N 98.4E

April 9th, 2013 Category: Fires

Thailand and Myanmar – April 8th, 2013

Agricultural fires burning across Thailand create a thick haze over the country and its neighbors, including Myanmar. The Thai government is stepping up efforts to fight forest fires and haze pollution by applying stricter law enforcement, especially during the critical period from January to April. Haze pollution can cause such health hazards as respiratory problems and heart, eye, and skin diseases.

The measures in 2013 have been switched from the focus on “burning control” to “no burning.” The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment has set the period from 21 January to 10 April 2013 to prohibit burning in all forest areas. Campaigns have also been launched to encourage local people to stop all kinds of burning in the forest. Thailand will seek cooperation from Laos and Myanmar in controlling forest fires along border areas.

The Department of Land Development is launching a campaign for agricultural leftovers to be plowed under, instead of being burned. The campaign is a new measure to combat the smoke haze problem, while increasing soil fertility. Efforts will be made to provide farmers with knowledge about how to turn weed into biogas and electricity, so that it will not be burned and create haze pollution.

Apart from hot dry weather, the burning of solid waste and agricultural materials in open areas has been cited as a major cause of forest fires. Another cause involves the slash-and-burn farming technique employed by farmers to clear land in forested areas (click here for more information).

Smog From Agricultural Fires in Thailand

17.6N 99.3E

March 28th, 2013 Category: Floods

Myanmar and Thailand – March 25th, 2013

Every year between February and April local farmers in Northern Thailand and neighboring countries burn huge amounts of vegetation to clear fields and get rid of agricultural waste. The result is a serious, regional smog problem that causes discomfort and health issues for millions of people. Here, the haze covers much of Thailand and spreads towards neighboring countries such as Myanmar (left).

Smoky Haze Over Myanmar – March 17th, 2013

March 17th, 2013 Category: Fires, Image of the day

Myanmar – March 10th, 2013

A thick haze hangs over Myanmar (right) and spreads into neighboring countries, including India’s far northeast. The haze is basically an annual event, usually caused by large fires in Myanmar and other countries in Southeast Asia.

Such fires, which are typically set by farmers for clearing rice stubble to make room for new crops, grow out of control, and are largely ignored. Many spread into national parks to mingle with existing fires deliberately set to control undergrowth.

Although slash-and-burn agriculture and the deliberate setting of fires are illegal, measures are rarely taken to stop farmers from setting fires around this time every year. Even when the fires themselves don’t pose much of a threat, the accumulated smoke particles do raise concerns. In the past, the particulate count has reached more than six times higher than what is generally considered safe (click here for more information).

Haze Over Bangladesh; Clear Skies Over Myanmar

21.4N 93.4E

February 12th, 2013 Category: Clouds, Rivers, Sediments

Bangladesh and Myanmar – January 27th, 2013

Haze hangs over southern Bangladesh and the mouths of the Ganges Rivers, along the Bay of Bengal. Mountains prevent the haze, which was likely caused by a mixture of smoke from agricultural fires and pollutants in India and Bangladesh, from spreading further eastward into Myanmar. The skies over the mountainous Chin state, near the border, are completely clear. Also, in contrast to the veiled view of the mouths of the Ganges, the Gulf of Martaban and mouths of the Ayeyarwaddy River, in Myanmar, can be seen with great clarity.

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