Earth Snapshot RSS Feed Twitter

Posts tagged Mesaoria

Mountain Ranges of Southern Turkey and Cyprus

36.1N 33.4E

December 9th, 2011 Category: Mountains

Turkey - November 25th, 2011

The Taurus Mountains can be seen running through the center of this image, dividing the Mediterranean coastal region of southern Turkey from the central Anatolian Plateau. The system extends along a curve from Lake Eğirdir in the west to the upper reaches of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in the east. It has many peaks rising above 3,000–3,700 m, (10,000–12,000 ft).

Two other mountain ranges can also be observed on the island nation of Cyprus, to the south: Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range. They encompass a central plain, the Mesaoria.  The Troodos Mountains cover most of the southern and western portions of the island and account for roughly half its area. The highest point on Cyprus is Mount Olympus at 1,952 m (6,404 ft), located in the centre of the Troodos range. The narrow Kyrenia Range, extending along the northern coastline, occupies substantially less area, and elevations are lower, reaching a maximum of 1,024 m (3,360 ft).

Troodos Mountains and Kyrenia Range on Cyprus

35.1N 33.2E

December 5th, 2010 Category: Mountains

Turkey and Cyprus - November 28th, 2010

This image focuses on the island of Cyprus, located in the Mediterranean Sea to the south of Turkey. It is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean.

Two mountain ranges can be observed on the island: the Troodos Mountains and the Kyrenia Range. The former is larger, appearing as a thick green line on the western side of the island. The latter is smaller and situated parallel to the island’s northern shoreline. The tan stretch of land between the two ranges is the Mesaoria, Cyprus’ central plain.

Troodos Mountains and Limassol Salt Lake, Cyprus

34.6N 32.9E

May 9th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains

Cyprus - April 28th, 2010

Cyprus - April 28th, 2010

The physical relief of the island of Cyprus is dominated by two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range, and the central plain they encompass, the Mesaoria. The Troodos Mountains cover most of the southern and western portions of the island and account for roughly half its area, appearing dark green here.

Also of note, although better visible in the full image, is Limassol salt lake (also known as Akrotiri salt lake), the largest inland body of water in Cyprus. It is located on a peninsula on the southern coast of the island and appears bright green in color.

The lake lies due south-east of the sprawling city of Limassol and measures 10.65 km². Its lowest point is 2.7m below sea level and at its deepest point the water depth measures 1m. Geologists hypothesize the lake was formed over the gradual joining of an offshore islet off the southern coast of Cyprus.

The lake itself is considered to be one of the eastern Mediterranean’s most important wetlands. The fact that the water level over 50% of the lake is less than 30 cm deep attracts thousands of wading birds to use it as a stopover during the migration seasons. Birdlife International estimates that between 2,000 and 20,000 Greater Flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus) spend the winter months on the lake.