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Posts tagged Malaysia

State of Penang and Titiwangsa Mountains, Malaysia – February 24th, 2010

5.3N 100.2E

February 24th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Malaysia - January 26th, 2010

Malaysia - January 26th, 2010

The state of Penang, in Malaysia, can be seen in the upper left quadrant of this orthorectified image, on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia by the Strait of Malacca. Penang is the second smallest state in Malaysia after Perlis, and the eighth most populous.

The state is geographically divided into two sections: Penang Island and Province Wellesley. The former is an island of 293 square kilometres located in the Straits of Malacca with an estimated population of 745,000. Province Wellesley (also known as Seberang Perai in Malay) is a narrow hinterland of 753 square kilometres on the peninsula across a narrow channel whose smallest width is 4 km (2.5 miles).

While the topography of Province Wellesley is mostly flat, the Titiwangsa Mountains can be seen running down the right side of the image. These mountains are the main range that forms the backbone of the Malay Peninsula, running north-south, from Thailand to peninsular Malaysia.

Bang Lang Reservoir on Pattani River, Thailand

6.1N 101.2E

February 20th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Thailand and Malaysia - January 26th, 2010

Thailand and Malaysia - January 26th, 2010

This orthorectified image stretches from the southernmost provinces of Thailand (above) to Malaysia (below). Visible near the hook-shaped peninsula at the top is the mouth of the Pattani River. The longest river in Southern Thailand at 214 km, it originates in Betong district, Yala Province, and empties into the Gulf of Thailand at the town of Pattani. Within Yala province the river forms the Bang Lang Reservoir.

Bang Lang Reservoir (bottom edge) is the largest reservoir in Yala Province. The dam is 85 metres high with a crest of 422 metres long, and the reservoir has a capacity of 1,420 million cubic metres. It is used for irrigation, flood control as well as to produce 1,275 kW of electricity.

Fires Raging on Borneo Contribute to Brown Haze Across Southeast Asia – August 11th, 2009

1.0N 110.5E

August 11th, 2009 Category: Fires, Image of the day

Fires on Borneo - August 8th, 2009

Fires on Borneo - August 8th, 2009

West Kalimantan fires

West Kalimantan fires

Sarawak fires

Sarawak fires

Forest fires raging in Malaysian and Indonesian Borneo in this image, taken on the 8th of August, send thick plumes of smoke arching north-northeast offshore. These fires threaten to intensify a “brown haze” across southern Asia.

Smoke from the fires blew over major towns on Borneo island, causing air quality to plunge to its worst level this year in parts of Malaysia’s eastern Sarawak state on Borneo.

In this region, more than 2,471 acres (1,000 hectares) of wildfires – roughly the size of 1,500 soccer fields – are ablaze in several forests, according to the AP. Many fires can also be seen in Indonesia’s province of West Kalimantan, both near and far from the Sarawak border.

The fires are believed to be caused by plantation operators who set brush fires to clear land during the dry season. State authorities have said they are considering tighter restrictions to ban setting fires on peat soil areas, which are harder to extinguish.

Fires by West Kalimantan-Sarawak border

Fires by West Kalimantan-Sarawak border

The UN has identified this “brown haze”, a near-permanent cloud across southern Asia, as one of the world’s worst environmental hazards. The haze is caused by the smoke from forest fires and agricultural burning, as well as industrial emissions and inefficient wood and dung burning stoves. It can reduce the solar energy reaching the Earth’s surface by up to 15 per cent, reports the New Scientist, altering the Asian monsoon, reducing harvests and killing as many as a million people a year from respiratory diseases.

Darvel Bay, Malaysia, in the Coral Triangle

4.6N 118.4E

May 29th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Darvel Bay, Malaysia - May 12th, 2009

Darvel Bay, Malaysia - May 12th, 2009

Darvel Bay or Lahad Datu Bay is a bight (large bay) on the east side of Sabah on the island of Borneo, Malaysia. It is the largest semi-enclosed bay on the east coast of Borneo and faces the Sulawesi Sea.  The bay, and indeed the entire area visible here, is part of the Coral Triangle.

The largest island on the south side of the bay is Timbun Mata Island, at over 26 kilometers long and almost 10 kilometers wide, with an area of 114.97 km². The south side of the island is only separated from the mainland by a shallow channel known as the Trusan Sigalong.

Timbun Mata Island is mountainous. Its highest point is Mt. Tannabalu, at 620 m, a conical, extinct volcano in the island’s center.

Before the year 2000, Timbun Mata was densely wooded with teak forests. However, inroads by illegal logging and land clearing has greatly reduced them.

A number of other islands can be seen off the coast. Those on the far right, Sitangkai and Sibutu, are part of the Philippines. Sitangkai is called the ‘Venice of the Philippines’ due to the use of boats as primary transportation, although footbridges connect one house from another. The major sources of livelihood are fishing and farming, although there is very sparse agricultural land available.

Borneo: Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei

May 9th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Borneo - April 23rd, 2009

Borneo - April 23rd, 2009

Borneo is the third largest island in the world and is located at the centre of Maritime Southeast Asia. Administratively, this island is divided between Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.

Indonesians refer to the island as “Kalimantan.” However, for people outside of Indonesia, “Kalimantan” refers to the Indonesian part of the island, visible here to the East. Some sediments can be seen along the eastern coast, just below the border with Malaysia.

Malaysia’s region of Borneo is called East Malaysia or Malaysian Borneo, partially visible here to the North and West.

The independent nation of Brunei occupies the remainder of the island, near the coast at the far left edge of the image in the area with the least cloud cover.

Borneo is surrounded by the South China Sea to the north and northwest, the Sulu Sea to the northeast, the Celebes Sea and the Makassar Strait to the east, and the Java Sea and Karimata Strait to the south.