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Posts tagged Makgadikgadi Pan

Lakes, Rivers and Wetlands in Botswana, Zimbabwe and Zambia

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April 27th, 2013 Category: Lakes, Rivers, Wetlands

Botswana, Zimbabwe and Zambia – April 27th, 2013

Multiple lakes and wetland areas can be observed in this image that focuses on Botswana, Zimbabwe and Zambia (counter-clockwise from lower left quadrant). Visible near the center left is the Okavango Delta, an inland delta in Botswana, with the salt flats of the Makgadikgadi Pan to the southeast. In the upper left quadrant is the Barotse Floodplain, in Zambia, while in the upper right quadrant is Lake Kariba, on the Zimbabwe-Zambia border.

The area in the center of the image is the Caprivi Strip, a narrow protrusion of Namibia eastwards from the Okavango Region about 450 km (280 mi), between Botswana to the south, and Angola and Zambia to the north. Caprivi is bordered by the Okavango, Kwando, Chobe and Zambezi rivers. 

Climate Change Affecting Okavango Delta and Makgadikgadi Pan, Botswana

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March 29th, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Rivers, Salt Flats

Botswana – March 29th, 2013

The Okavango Delta (upper left quadrant) is a large inland delta in Botswana, produced by seasonal flooding where the Okavango River spills into a trough in the endorheic basin of the Kalahari Desert. Summer rainfall (in January and February) in Angola’s highlands drains southward through the Okavango River. This water then gradually spreads over the delta from March to August, peaking in the last three months, in which the delta swells to a large, swampy marsh of three times its permanent size. This image was taken in late March, approximately one month in to the flooding period.

The delta is important to Botswana for several reasons, including being a home to many plant and animal species, revenue generated through tourism, and use by local communities for water, fishing and agriculture. However, climate change is affecting the delta through declining precipitation and increasing temperatures, causing flood patterns and water channel distribution to shift. Reduced inflow could result in swamps drying out and forests being replaced by grasslands, causing local animal species to migrate or become extinct.

Also visible here, near the right edge, is the bright white Makgadikgadi Pan, a large salt pan in the middle of the dry savanna of northeastern Botswana. One of the largest salt flats in the world, it is all that remains of the huge, ancient Lake Makgadikgadi. For much of the year, most of the area remains waterless and extremely arid; however, it floods during periods of good rain, attracting wildlife. As it is linked to Okavango Delta by the Boteti River, reduced inflow in the delta region can also affect the ecosystem of the pan.

Smoke Spreading from Zambia into Angola and Botswana – July 29th, 2012

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June 29th, 2012 Category: Fires, Image of the day, Rivers, Salt Flats

Angola and Zambia – June 26th, 2012

Smoke spreads from Zambia (upper right) into Angola (upper left) and Botwana (lower right). Namibia (lower left), remains unaffected. Although the thumbnail image shows a cloud of smoke, upon opening the full image multiple blazes can be pinpointed in Zambia and near the Caprivi Strip, or “Four Corners” region where Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia near form a quadruple frontier. Also of note in the image is the Okavango Delta (lower right quadrant) and the salty white surfaces of the Etosha (left) and Makgadikgadi (right) Pans.

Lakes, Rivers, Deltas and Floodplains Around Caprivi Strip, Africa – May 8th, 2012

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May 8th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers, Salt Flats

Botswana - April 28th, 2012

Many bodies of water, different in size and hydrology, can be observed in this image of Angola (upper left), Zambia (upper right), Botswana (lower left) and Zimbabwe (lower right).

Visible by the right edge is the dark blue Lake Kariba, located on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is the world’s largest artificial reservoir by volume. Southwest of the lake is the Makgadikgadi Pan, in Botswana, the world’s largest salt flat complex.

In the center of the image is the Caprivi Strip, a narrow protrusion of Namibia eastwards about 450 km (280 mi), between Botswana to the south, Angola and Zambia to the north, and Okavango Region to the west. Caprivi is bordered by the Okavango, Kwando, Chobe and Zambezi Rivers.

To the west is the Okavango Delta, formed where the Okavango River empties onto the Kalahari Desert. To the north is the Barotse Floodplain, which begins by the Zambezi River’s confluence with the Kabompo and Lungwebungu Rivers in the north. The region is a flat plateau at an elevation of about 1000 m tilting very slightly to the south.

Makgadikgadi Pan and Okavango Delta in Northern Botswana – May 3rd, 2012

20.6S 25.3E

May 3rd, 2012 Category: Lakes, Rivers, Salt Flats

Botswana - April 15th, 2012

The large white area near the center of this image is the salty surface of the Makgadikgadi Pan. Located in northern Botswana, it is the largest salt flat complex in the world, covering approximately 16,000 km2.

Visible to the northwest of the pan is the Okavango Delta, also in Botswana. It is the world’s largest inland delta, formed where the Okavango River empties onto the terrain of the Kalahari Desert.

Visible to the northeast of the pan is Lake Kariba, the world’s largest human-made reservoir by volume, with a storage capacity of 185 cubic kilometers (44.4 cu mi) and covering an area of 5,580 square kilometers (2,150 sq mi) and . It is located on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

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