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Rengali and Hirakud Reservoirs in Orissa, India

21.6N 84.0E

December 5th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Rivers

India - November 26th, 2011

Two large artificial reservoirs can be observed in this image of the state of Orissa, India: the Rengali Reservoir, appearing golden green, to the right, and the Hirakud Reservoir, darker blue in color, to the left.

The Rengali Reservoir was created by the Rengali Dam across Brahmani River in near the village of Rengali. The dam is 70.5 m tall and 1040 m wide. The reservoir formed by the dam is the second largest reservoir in Orissa with 37, 840 hectares at full level and 28,000 hectares in mean level.

The Hirakud Reservoir was created by the Hirakud Dam, built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur. The 55km long reservoir holds 743 km2 (287 sq mi) at full capacity, with a shoreline of over 639 km (397 mi).

Rivers and Lakes in Orissa, India

20.9N 85.0E

October 8th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Rivers

India - October 3rd, 2011

This wide-swath ASAR image shows rivers and lakes in the state of Orissa, India. The most prominent river is the Mahanadi (Brahmani). The Hirakud Reservoir can be observed by the center left edge, with the Rengali Reservoir to the east.

Visible near the center of the bottom edge is Chilka Lake, a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Orissa state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.

Vegetation Index of Eastern India

16.5N 81.5E

February 4th, 2010 Category: Rivers, Vegetation Index

India - January 7th, 2010

India - January 7th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the landscape of eastern India, including the states of Chhattisgarh (upper left), Orissa (upper right) and Andhra Pradesh (lower left). Much of the area is green, indicating good levels of photosynthetic activity, although interspersed with yellow zones of lesser activity. Most of the zones of high activity (red) are located in Chhattisgarh.

Chhattisgarh it is situated in central eastern part of the country. The north and south parts of the state are hilly, while the central part is a fertile plain. Forests cover roughly forty-four percent of the state.

Orissa, or Odisha, has a relatively unindented coastline. The narrow, level coastal strip, including the Mahanadi River Delta (visible towards the top right of the full image) supports the bulk of the population. The interior of the state is mountainous and sparsely populated.

Andhra Pradesh is historically called the “Rice Bowl of India”, as more than 77% of its crop is rice. Two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna run across the state. The small enclave (12 sq mi (30 kmĀ²)) of the Yanam district of Puducherry (Pondicherry) state lies in the Godavari Delta in north-east of the state (visible along the coast near the bottom of the image, with the Krisha River Delta also visible just below it).

The Ganges and Jamuna Rivers Flowing into the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh

March 26th, 2009 Category: Rivers

Bay of Bengal - March 24th, 2009

Bay of Bengal - March 24th, 2009

In the lower part of this image, many rivermouths can be seen pouring brown sediments into the Bay of Bengal, along the coasts of Bangladesh and northeastern India. The wide rivers visible to the North, below the Himalayas, are also loaded with sediments.

The Ganges River comes into view at the center left, entering Bangladesh from India. The Brahmaputra River, on the other hand, flows down from the upper right. Its name changes to Jamuna once it enters Bangladesh, near the curve where its course changes to the South.

These two rivers and many others, including the Padma, Meghna, Ayeyarwady, Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna and Kaveri, all flow into the Bay of Bengal.