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Posts tagged Macedonia

Island of Thasos in the Aegean Sea, Greece

40.7N 24.7E

March 13th, 2010 Category: Mountains

Greece - February 19th, 2010

Greece - February 19th, 2010

Thasos or Thassos, visible in the lower left quadrant of this orthorectified image, is a Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea, close to the coast of Thrace and the plain of the river Nestos but geographically part of Macedonia. It is the northernmost Greek island.

Thasos has a generally round shape, without deep bays and significant peninsulas. The highest peak, Ypsario or Ipsario, is 1,205 m (3428 ft) high and lies in the eastern half of the island, which is steeper and mostly covered in pine forest. The western half has gentler slopes. While generally mountainous, the terrain is not particularly rugged, as it rises gradually from the coast towards the island center.

Corfu and the Border Zone of Albania, Greece and Macedonia

39.6N 19.9E

September 28th, 2009 Category: Lakes

Albania, Greece and Macedonia - July 26th, 2009

Albania, Greece and Macedonia - July 26th, 2009

Sun glint off the Ionian Sea highlights the movement of its waters around the Greek island of Corfu. This large island is located off the shores of southern Albania and northwestern Greece. The terrain of these two countries along the sea, as well as that of the landlocked Republic of Macedonia (upper right quadrant), occupies the rest of the image.

More precisely, the northern part of Corfu lies off the coast of Sarandë, Albania, from which it is separated by straits varying in breadth from 3 to 23 km (2 to 15 mi). The island’s southern part lies off the coast of Thesprotia, Greece.

Inland, much of the landscape is mountainous. The lakes visible above center are Lake Ohrid, straddling the mountainous border between the southwestern region Macedonia and eastern Albania, and Prespa Lakes, shared by Greece, Albania, and Macedonia.

The body of water visible on the far right edge is actually part of the Aegean Sea, which borders Greece on its eastern side.

Coastline and Lakes of Albania – August 8th, 2009

40.9N 20.6E

August 8th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Albania - July 27th, 2009

Albania - July 27th, 2009

Sediments line the coast of Albania, which is 362 kilometers long and extends along the Adriatic and Ionian Seas. Several sizeable lakes can also be observed: these are the three largest and deepest tectonic lakes of the Balkan Peninsula, all of which are partly located in Albania.

Lake Scutari, also called Shkodër and Skadar, in the country’s northwest (upper left corner), has a surface which can vary between 370 km2 (140 sq mi) and 530 km2, out of which one third belongs to Albania and rest to Montenegro. The Albanian shoreline of the lake is 57 km (35 mi). It is included in the Ramsar list of wetlands of international importance.

Lake Ohrid is situated in the country’s southeast (right of center) and is shared between Albania and Republic of Macedonia. It has a maximal depth of 289 meters and a variety of unique flora and fauna can be found there, including “living fossils” and many endemic species.

Because of its natural and historical value, Ohrid Lake is under the protection of UNESCO, as human activity on the lake shores and in its catchment area has resulted in the ecosystem coming under stress.

Prespa (to the right of Lake Ohrid) is the name of two freshwater lakes shared by Greece, Albania, and the Republic of Macedonia. Of the total surface area, 190 km² belongs to the Republic of Macedonia, 84.8 km² to Greece and 38.8 km² to Albania. They are the highest tectonic lakes in the Balkans, standing at an altitude of 853 m (2,798 ft).

The Great Prespa Lake is divided between Albania, Greece and the Republic of Macedonia, while the Small Prespa Lake is shared only between Greece and Albania. With an abundance of rare fauna and flora, the area was declared a Transnational Park in 2000.

Lake Scutari and Lake Ohrid, Balkan Peninsula – April 15th, 2009

April 15th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Albania - April 9th, 2009

Albania - April 9th, 2009

Lake Scutari, also called Lake Skadar and Lake Shkodër, is a lake on the border of Montenegro andAlbania. It is the largest lake in the Balkan Peninsula; two-thirds are located in Montenegro.

Its surface, 6 m (20 ft) above sea level, can vary between 370 km² (142.9 sq mi) and 530 km² (204.6 sq mi).

The lake is a cryptodepression, filled by the Morača River and drained into the Adriatic by the 41 km (25 mi) long Bojana River, which forms the international border on the lower half of its length.

Another body of water, Lake Ohrid, is visible to the southeast of Lake Scutari. Ohrid straddles the mountainous border between the southwestern region of the Republic of Macedonia and eastern Albania.

Lake Ohrid is the deepest lake of the Balkans, with a maximum depth of 288 m (940 ft) and a mean depth of 155 m (508 ft). It covers an area of 358 km² (138 sq mi), containing an estimated 55.4 km³ of water. It is 30.4 km long by 14.8 km wide at its maximum extent with a shoreline length of 87.53 km.

The Greek-Albanian Coast and the Prespa Lakes

March 31st, 2009 Category: Lakes

Albania - March 27th, 2009

Albania - March 27th, 2009

The Greek island of Corfu is visible in the Ionian Sea, off the coast of Albania near the border with Greece. It is separated from the mainland by straits varying in breadth from 3 to 23 km (2 to 15 mi).

The area near the Greek-Albanian border is mountainous. Here, many ridges are covered with bright white snow. Moving north up the Albanian coast, several rivers spill sediments into the sea, creating tan and green trails in the deep blue waters.  To the south, the Greek coast is relatively clear.

Further inland, towards the top center part of the image, are two lakes: the Great Prespa Lake and the Small Prespa lake. These freshwater lakes are shared by Greece, Albania, and the Republic of Macedonia. They are the highest tectonic lakes in the Balkans, standing at an altitude of 853 m (2,798 ft).

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