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Currents in the Mediterranean Flowing Towards Cyprus

33.8N 35.4E

February 17th, 2012 Category: Snapshots

Cyprus - February 4th, 2012

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows the island nation of Cyprus in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey and west of Syria and Lebanon. The lighter streaks in the sea off the coast of Syria show the movement of water, flowing westward off the Syrian coast.

Several cities appear as white areas in the image. Of note are Damascus, the capital of Syria, visible towards the bottom right corner, Beirut, the capital of Lebanon, visible along the coast to the northwest of Damascus, and Limassol, the second largest city in Cyprus, visible along the southern coast of the country.

Major Mountain Ranges and Cities of Cyprus – February 14th, 2012

35.1N 33.3E

February 14th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Cyprus - January 2nd, 2012

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows the major mountain ranges and cities of the island nation of Cyprus. The large, wide mountain range crossing the center of the island is the Troodos Range, whose highest peak, Mount Olympus, reaches 1,952 metres. Parallel to the northern shoreline is a narrow chain of mountains that reach only about half the height of the former: the Kyrenia Mountains.

Visible as large white areas are Cyprus’ three largest cities: Nicosia, Limassol and Larnaca. Nicosia, the capital and largest city in the country, can be observed near the center of the island. Limassol, the second-largest city in Cyprus, is visible by the shoreline, south of the Troodos Mountains. Finally, Larnaca, the third largest city, can be seen by the shoreline southeast of Nicosia and east of the Troodos Mountains.

Mountain Ranges and Three Largest Cities of Cyprus – February 5th, 2012

34.9N 32.8E

February 5th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Cyprus - February 2nd, 2012

The large  mountain range crossing the center of Cyprus is the Troodos Range. The highest peak is Mount Olympus at 1,952 metres; here, this peak appears capped with snow. Visible parallel to the northern coastline of Cyprus is another range of mountains, the Kyrenia Mountains. This a long, narrow chain of mountains runs approximately 160 km (100 mi) along the north coast of Cyprus. Though only half the height of the Troodos Mountains, the Kyrenia Mountains are rugged and rise abruptly from the Mesaoria plain.

Cyprus’ three largest cities, Nicosia, Limassol and Larnaca, can be observed as grey areas admist the green landscape. Nicosia is the capital and largest city in Cyprus. It is located near the center of the island, on the banks of the Pedieos River. Limassol, visible by the shoreline south of the Troodos Mountains, is the second-largest city in Cyprus. The city is located on Akrotiri Bay, on the island’s southern coast. Larnaca, the third largest city in the country, can be seen by the shoreline southeast of Nicosia and east of the Troodos Mountains.

Troodos Mountains and Limassol Salt Lake, Cyprus

34.6N 32.9E

May 9th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains

Cyprus - April 28th, 2010

Cyprus - April 28th, 2010

The physical relief of the island of Cyprus is dominated by two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range, and the central plain they encompass, the Mesaoria. The Troodos Mountains cover most of the southern and western portions of the island and account for roughly half its area, appearing dark green here.

Also of note, although better visible in the full image, is Limassol salt lake (also known as Akrotiri salt lake), the largest inland body of water in Cyprus. It is located on a peninsula on the southern coast of the island and appears bright green in color.

The lake lies due south-east of the sprawling city of Limassol and measures 10.65 km². Its lowest point is 2.7m below sea level and at its deepest point the water depth measures 1m. Geologists hypothesize the lake was formed over the gradual joining of an offshore islet off the southern coast of Cyprus.

The lake itself is considered to be one of the eastern Mediterranean’s most important wetlands. The fact that the water level over 50% of the lake is less than 30 cm deep attracts thousands of wading birds to use it as a stopover during the migration seasons. Birdlife International estimates that between 2,000 and 20,000 Greater Flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus) spend the winter months on the lake.

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