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Posts tagged Lake Manzala

Lake Manzala on the Nile Delta, Egypt

31.2N 32.2E

May 28th, 2009 Category: Lakes

Egypt - May 13th, 2009

Egypt - May 13th, 2009

The brackish waters of Lake Manzala (also Manzaleh), in northeastern Egypt on the Nile Delta near Port Said (far right), appear various shades of green.

As of 2008 the lake, sometimes called a lagoon, was 47km long and 30km wide, making it the largest of the northern deltaic lakes of Egypt.

Lake Manzala is long but quite shallow; it’s natural depth is only four to five feet. However, alterations to the depth were made during the construction of the Suez Canal (far right) to allow ships to pass. The Canal now extends 29 miles lengthwise along the lake.

In addition to the changes to its depth, the lake has undergone other alterations over the last three decades: pollution and lake drainage have reduced the lake’s productivity.

The government of Egypt drained substantial portions of the lake in an effort to convert its rich Nile deposits to farmland. By 2001, Lake Manzala had lost approximately 80 percent of its former area through the effects of drainage efforts.

The project was unprofitable: crops did not grow well in the salty soil and the value of resulting produce was less than the market value of the fish that the reclaimed land had formerly yielded.

Agriculture Around Nile Rivermouth and Lake Moeris – March 12th, 2009

March 12th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers

Nile Rivermouth, Egypt - February 26th, 2009

Nile Rivermouth, Egypt - February 26th, 2009

Fertile green land surrounds the mouth of the Nile River, its banks, and a nearby lake. The green areas are fields, while the tan patches speckled throughout the area are cities and small towns.

Green sediments can also be seen just offshore, spilling into the Mediterranean Sea from the river’s outlets.

Agriculture also surrounds Lake Moeris, to the South. It is an ancient lake in the northwest of the Faiyum Oasis, 80 km (50 miles) southwest of Cairo, Egypt.  Lake Moeris was freshwater in prehistory but is today a saltwater lake.

The lake’s surface is 140 ft (43 m) below sea-level, and covers about 78 mile² (200 km²).  Its area is estimated to vary between 490 mi² (1,270 km²) and 1,700 km² (656 sq. miles).

Further east, the Suez Canal stretches between the Mediterranean Sea (above) and the Red Sea (below), dividing Egypt from the Sinai Peninsula.

The Great Bitter Lake is a salt water lake visible between the north and south part of the Suez Canal. It is adjoined by the Small Bitter Lake.

Together, the Bitter Lakes have a surface area of about 250 km². To the north, the canal also runs through Lake Manzala and Lake Timsah.