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Posts tagged Lake Kivu

Vegetation Index of DRC and Neighbors Near Lake Victoria

2S 29.1E

March 25th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

DRC and Neighbors - March 23rd, 2011

The full version of this FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (left half of image) and of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania (top to bottom, right half).

Several lakes can be observed forming a chain across the middle of the image. These are (from top to bottom): Lake Albert and Lake Edward, on the DRC-Uganda border, Lake Kivu, on the DRC-Rwanda border, and Lake Tanganyika, on the DRC-Burundi border (full visible in full image; northern tip partially obscured by clouds in thumbnail). Visible to the east of these lakes is the significantly largerĀ Lake Victoria, in Uganda and Tanzania.

The vegetation index is highest (rusty red) to the west of the lakes, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Photosynthetic activity becomes progressively weaker – first green, indicating a good index, then yellow, indicating a low index – as one moves from west to east. It is also less strong to the north.

Vegetation Index of Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda

0.3S 28.0E

March 17th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda - February 18th, 2011

This FAPAR image shows part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, near the border with Uganda (to the right, past the series of lakes). The lakes visible near the right edge are (from top to bottom): Lake Edward, Lake Kivu and Lake Tanganyika.

The levels of photosynthetic activity become higher as one moves westward, deeper into the Congo River Basin. The rusty red along the left edge indicates a high index, the green in the middle a good index, and the light green and yellow to the right a low index.

Lakes on Border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

1.7S 27.2E

August 22nd, 2010 Category: Lakes

Democratic Republic of the Congo - August 5th, 2010

The left side of this image of the Democratic Republic of the Congo appears slightly hazy due to smoke from fires. The center is partially covered by clouds, while on the right side several lakes are visible along the DRC’s border with Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi (top to bottom).

These lakes are (from top to bottom): Lake Albert and Lake Edward, on the DRC-Uganda border, Lake Kivu, on the DRC-Rwanda border, and the northernmost end of Lake Tanganyika, on the DRC-Burundi border. Partially visible at the right edge, in Uganda and Tanzania, is Lake Victoria.

Eastern Half of Lake Kivu in Great Rift Valley, Rwanda

2S 29.1E

August 20th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains

Rwanda - July 27th, 2010

This orthorectified image shows mountainous western Rwanda and the eastern half of Lake Kivu (left). One of the African Great Lakes, it lies in the Albertine (western) Rift of the Great Rift Valley, on the border between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda. The cities of Goma, in the DRC, and Giyensi, in Rwanda, can be seen as white areas on the shores of the lake in the top left corner.

The lake covers a total surface area of some 2,700 km2 (1,040 sq mi) and stands at a height of 1,460 metres (4,790 ft) above sea level. The lake bed sits upon a rift valley that is slowly being pulled apart, causing volcanic activity in the area, and making it particularly deep: its maximum depth of 480 m (1,575 ft) is ranked fifteenth in the world. The lake is surrounded by majestic mountains.

Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda – June 24th, 2009

1.5S 29.2E

June 24th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Volcanoes

Rwanda - June 18th, 2009

Rwanda - June 18th, 2009

The volcanoes of the Virunga Mountains are visible along the border of Rwanda (below) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (above), northeast of Lake Kivu (bottom left).

The white area on the shore of Lake Kivu comprises two towns: Goma to the west, in the DRC, and Gisenyi to the east, in Rwanda.

About 20km north of those towns, in the DRC, is the stratovolcano Mount Nyiragongo. Three craters are visible; the main one is 250 m deep and 2 km wide.

The group of volcanoes to the northeast of Mount Nyiragongo is part of the Volcanoes National Park in northwestern Rwanda. The five peaks in a curved line, from southwest to northeast, are Karisimbi, Bisoke, Sabyinyo, Gahinga and Muhabura.

This image has been corrected for geometric distortion using the orthorectification technique, giving a precise view of the contours of the volcanoes and hills to the south.