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Étang Saumâtre and Lake Enriquillo, Haiti and Dominican Republic

18.5N 71.9W

February 21st, 2012 Category: Lakes

Haiti - January 2nd, 2012

This image shows the landscape of Hispaniola, a Caribbean island shared by Haiti (west) and the Dominican Republic (east). Visible by the left edge is the Gulf of Gonâve, a large gulf along the western coast of Haiti. Haiti’s capital city, Port-au-Prince, is located on the coast of the gulf. Several islands are located in the gulf, the largest being Gonâve Island, followed by the much smaller Cayemites.

Visible inland on the main island, southeast of the eastern tip of Gonâve Island, are Étang Saumâtre and Lake Enriquillo. The former is a brackish pond that is the largest lake in Haiti and the second largest lake in Hispaniola, after Lake Enriquillo. It supports over 100 species of waterfowl, flamingos and American crocodiles, one of the few lakes of its type in the world to harbour such fauna. The colour of the lake is an intense shade of blue. 

Lake Enriquillo is a lake in the Dominican Republic and is the largest lake and lowest point in the Caribbean and the lowest point on any ocean island. It is located in a rift valley formed by the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault that extends 79 miles (127 km) from Port-au-Prince Bay in Haiti in the west, to near Neiba Bay in the Dominican Republic in the east (this small bay appears bright turquoise here). This fault was responsible for the catastrophic 2010 Haiti earthquake .

Gonâve Island and Gulf of Gonâve, Haiti

18.8N 73W

June 30th, 2011 Category: Lakes

Haiti - June 21st, 2011

This image focuses on the Gulf of Gonâve, along the west coast of Haiti. The large island in the middle of the gulf is Gonâve Island.

To the east of the gulf lie two other important bodies of water: Étang Saumâtre (west), in Haiti, and Lake Enriquillo (east), in the Dominican Republic.

 

Étang Saumâtre, Haiti and Lake Enriquillo, Dominican Republic

18.4N 71.6W

January 2nd, 2010 Category: Lakes

Dominican Republic and Haiti - December 19th, 2009

Dominican Republic and Haiti - December 19th, 2009

The border between Haiti (west) and the Dominican Republic (east) runs vertically between the two lakes visible in the bottom left corner: Étang Saumâtre (left) and Lake Enriquillo (right).

Lake Enriquillo is located in the Hispaniolan rift valley, which reaches from Port-au-Prince Bay in Haiti to near Neiba Bay in the Dominican Republic. The lake is 9 to 12 miles (15 to 20 km) wide, and covers an area of 102 square miles (265 km²). It is also the lowest point in the Caribbean, falling 129 feet (39 m) below sea level.

Étang Saumâtre (also known as Lake Azuei) is also located in the Hispaniolan rift valley. It Haiti’s largest lake, with an area of around 170 km² (65 square miles). It is some 29 km (18 miles) long and up to 9.7km (6 miles) wide.

Salt Lakes of the Hispanolian Rift Valley, Haiti and Dominican Republic

March 3rd, 2009 Category: Lakes

Southern coast of Dominican Republic - March 1st, 2009

Southern coast of Dominican Republic - March 1st, 2009

This image shows part of Haiti (far left) and the Dominican Republic (center and right). The border between the two countries is just west of the Pedernales Peninsula (bottom center).

Despite some cloud cover, numerous bodies of water are visible, including the bright green Oviedo Lagoon at the tip of the peninsula and Rincon Lagoon to its north.

The large dark green lake east of Rincon Lagoon is Lake Enriquillo, one of only a few saltwater lakes in the world inhabited by crocodiles.

It is located in the Hispaniolan rift valley (known as the Cul-de-Sac Depression in Haiti and the Hoya de Enriquillo in the Dominican Republic), that extends 79 miles (127 km) from Port-au-Prince Bay in Haiti in the west to near Neiba Bay in the Dominican Republic in the east.

Further west, near the border, is Étang Saumâtre (also known as Lake Azuei), Haiti’s largest lake,  located in the southeastern region of the country. The colour of the lake is an intense shade of blue.

This salt-water lake has an area of around 170 km² (65 square miles). Some 29 km (18 miles) long and up to 9.7km (6 miles) wide, the lake supports over 100 species of waterfowl, flamingos and American crocodiles, one of the few lakes of its type in the world to harbor such fauna.

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